The Battle of San Pasqual

Unseen gullies cause sudden death

The Marathon of '46, Part 6

The column tried to stay motionless to surprise Pico at Mule Hill. But Duvall, the Portsmouth's surgeon, found the camp “rather a bad place to escape observation, on the top of a high mountain destitute of trees.”

Troops Eat Mule Flesh

The Marathon of '46, Part 5

Kearny looked at Beale’s head wound, bandaged with a torn army shirt, and said no. Too dangerous. Beale argued that Kit Carson could be his guide. Kearny vetoed Carson. Carson was far too important to let go.

Blood Runs on Mule Hill

The Marathon of '46, Part 4

“Forty balls struck him, I was told,” says Griffin, “yet he did not fall.” Soldiers drove the mule up the hill and butchered it, along with two others killed in the rush. Three fat mules were a “godsend.”

The bloodiest battle in California history

The Marathon of '46, Part 3

General Kearny’s “Army of the West” had straggled 2000 miles from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The day before in the Ballena Valley, 101 “wet to the skin” dragoons joined with 39 mountain men from San Diego.

Don Antonio Coronel's barefoot marathon

The Marathon of '46, Part 2

A large American army to the east, soldiers from San Diego on his trail, horse thieves who’d kill him out of self-defense, and his slow-moving party an easy target, Coronel was boxed in.

Kit Carson: from California to Washington D.C. in 60 days

The Marathon of '46 (Part 1 of 6)

It was hard to tell which group was worse off, Carson’s alkali-caked express or Kearny's glum dragoons, riding "jaded beasts,” eating half- rations spiked by cacti, and harassed by swarms of mosquitoes and buffalo gnats.

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