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San Felipe Hills

The 2600-mile Pacific Crest Trail (PCT), which was intended to hit as many high points as possible along its mountainous route between the Mexican and Canadian borders, takes an anomalous detour into the Anza-Borrego Desert within San Diego County. At the time this segment of the PCT was built (1980s), a shorter, high-elevation route following the forested Volcan Mountain crest to the west was unavailable due to a large parcel of private property in the way. As a result, the PCT was circuitously routed down from the Laguna Mountain crest to Scissors Crossing, then up and over the dry San Felipe Hills toward Warner Springs. The excessively winding, 24-mile stretch between Scissors Crossing and Highway S-22, featuring no water, furnace-like heat at times, and only marginal camping spots, challenges the patience of anyone who tries to follow it all the way — including the Mexico-to-Canada “through-hikers,” who typically travel this section in April.

For those with an interest in botany, however, the San Felipe stretch of the PCT — at least the initial couple of miles upward from Scissors Crossing — is rewarding, especially after winter rains bring sufficient moisture to the desert.

From Scissors Crossing (the intersection of Highways 78 and S-2, which is 12 miles east of Julian), drive 0.2 mile north on S-2 from Highway 78 to a large parking lot on the right, which is a staging area for the PCT. From the northeast corner of that parking lot, hike north up a wide, sandy wash for 0.1 mile. On the left you’ll find the PCT trail tread cut into the hillside. Climb up to it, go left and steadily ascend for the next two miles on a winding course through an excellent cross-section of mid-level desert vegetation, mainly of the succulent and prickly variety.

Look for and try to identify the following common desert plants: teddy-bear cholla, buckhorn cholla, hedgehog cactus, prickly-pear cactus, barrel cactus, ocotillo, mojave yucca, desert apricot, jojoba, juniper, and agave. The cactus plants plump up with abundant rainfall and shrink during periods of drought. After periods of rainfall, the normally dry and stony slopes wear a fresh coat of tender grass, highlighted by annual and perennial wildflowers of a dozen hues.

As you climb upward, the sound of traffic on the highways below mutes, and the cinemascopic view takes in the long sweep of the aligned San Felipe and Earthquake valleys below, and the parallel Volcan Mountain crest. The generally linear alignments of landforms are due to the parallel Elsinore and Earthquake Valley faults, which underlie the area.

After about two miles of upward travel, the trail crosses a small wash and begins to level out. You’ve gained 700 feet of elevation and come about as far as it’s worth going for a casual hike. The view potential and the botanical interest of the trail ahead do not improve.

This article contains information about a publicly owned recreation or wilderness area. Trails and pathways are not necessarily marked. Conditions can change rapidly. Hikers should be properly equipped and have safety and navigational skills. The Reader and Jerry Schad assume no responsibility for any adverse experience.

San Felipe Hills
Explore a botanically rich segment of the Pacific Crest Trail in the arid San Felipe Hills of Anza-Borrego.
Distance from downtown San Diego: 72 miles
Hiking length: 4 miles round-trip
Difficulty: Moderate

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The 2600-mile Pacific Crest Trail (PCT), which was intended to hit as many high points as possible along its mountainous route between the Mexican and Canadian borders, takes an anomalous detour into the Anza-Borrego Desert within San Diego County. At the time this segment of the PCT was built (1980s), a shorter, high-elevation route following the forested Volcan Mountain crest to the west was unavailable due to a large parcel of private property in the way. As a result, the PCT was circuitously routed down from the Laguna Mountain crest to Scissors Crossing, then up and over the dry San Felipe Hills toward Warner Springs. The excessively winding, 24-mile stretch between Scissors Crossing and Highway S-22, featuring no water, furnace-like heat at times, and only marginal camping spots, challenges the patience of anyone who tries to follow it all the way — including the Mexico-to-Canada “through-hikers,” who typically travel this section in April.

For those with an interest in botany, however, the San Felipe stretch of the PCT — at least the initial couple of miles upward from Scissors Crossing — is rewarding, especially after winter rains bring sufficient moisture to the desert.

From Scissors Crossing (the intersection of Highways 78 and S-2, which is 12 miles east of Julian), drive 0.2 mile north on S-2 from Highway 78 to a large parking lot on the right, which is a staging area for the PCT. From the northeast corner of that parking lot, hike north up a wide, sandy wash for 0.1 mile. On the left you’ll find the PCT trail tread cut into the hillside. Climb up to it, go left and steadily ascend for the next two miles on a winding course through an excellent cross-section of mid-level desert vegetation, mainly of the succulent and prickly variety.

Look for and try to identify the following common desert plants: teddy-bear cholla, buckhorn cholla, hedgehog cactus, prickly-pear cactus, barrel cactus, ocotillo, mojave yucca, desert apricot, jojoba, juniper, and agave. The cactus plants plump up with abundant rainfall and shrink during periods of drought. After periods of rainfall, the normally dry and stony slopes wear a fresh coat of tender grass, highlighted by annual and perennial wildflowers of a dozen hues.

As you climb upward, the sound of traffic on the highways below mutes, and the cinemascopic view takes in the long sweep of the aligned San Felipe and Earthquake valleys below, and the parallel Volcan Mountain crest. The generally linear alignments of landforms are due to the parallel Elsinore and Earthquake Valley faults, which underlie the area.

After about two miles of upward travel, the trail crosses a small wash and begins to level out. You’ve gained 700 feet of elevation and come about as far as it’s worth going for a casual hike. The view potential and the botanical interest of the trail ahead do not improve.

This article contains information about a publicly owned recreation or wilderness area. Trails and pathways are not necessarily marked. Conditions can change rapidly. Hikers should be properly equipped and have safety and navigational skills. The Reader and Jerry Schad assume no responsibility for any adverse experience.

San Felipe Hills
Explore a botanically rich segment of the Pacific Crest Trail in the arid San Felipe Hills of Anza-Borrego.
Distance from downtown San Diego: 72 miles
Hiking length: 4 miles round-trip
Difficulty: Moderate

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4S Ranch Allied Gardens Alpine Baja Balboa Park Bankers Hill Barrio Logan Bay Ho Bay Park Black Mountain Ranch Blossom Valley Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Boulevard Campo Cardiff-by-the-Sea Carlsbad Carmel Mountain Carmel Valley Chollas View Chula Vista City College City Heights Clairemont College Area Coronado CSU San Marcos Cuyamaca College Del Cerro Del Mar Descanso Downtown San Diego Eastlake East Village El Cajon Emerald Hills Encanto Encinitas Escondido Fallbrook Fletcher Hills Golden Hill Grant Hill Grantville Grossmont College Guatay Harbor Island Hillcrest Imperial Beach Imperial Valley Jacumba Jamacha-Lomita Jamul Julian Kearny Mesa Kensington La Jolla Lakeside La Mesa Lemon Grove Leucadia Liberty Station Lincoln Acres Lincoln Park Linda Vista Little Italy Logan Heights Mesa College Midway District MiraCosta College Miramar Miramar College Mira Mesa Mission Beach Mission Hills Mission Valley Mountain View Mount Hope Mount Laguna National City Nestor Normal Heights North Park Oak Park Ocean Beach Oceanside Old Town Otay Mesa Pacific Beach Pala Palomar College Palomar Mountain Paradise Hills Pauma Valley Pine Valley Point Loma Point Loma Nazarene Potrero Poway Rainbow Ramona Rancho Bernardo Rancho Penasquitos Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe Rolando San Carlos San Marcos San Onofre Santa Ysabel Santee San Ysidro Scripps Ranch SDSU Serra Mesa Shelltown Shelter Island Sherman Heights Skyline Solana Beach Sorrento Valley Southcrest South Park Southwestern College Spring Valley Stockton Talmadge Temecula Tierrasanta Tijuana UCSD University City University Heights USD Valencia Park Valley Center Vista Warner Springs
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