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The Nihon Shoki: the greatest value to historians and archeologists

The second oldest work of Japanese history

Prince Toneri
Prince Toneri

The Nihon Shoki

Izanagi and Izanami [i.e. “the divine primal pair”] stood on the floating bridge of Heaven, and held counsel together, saying: “Is there not a country beneath?” Thereupon they thrust down the jewel-spear of Heaven, and groping about therewith found the ocean. The brine which dripped from the point of the spear coagulated and became an island which received the name of Ono-goro-jima. The two Deities thereupon descended and dwelt in this island. Accordingly they wished to become husband and wife together, and to produce countries. So they made Ono-goro-jima the pillar of the center of the land. …Then [Izanagi] inquired of the female deity, saying: “In thy body is there aught formed?” She answered, and said: “In my body there is a place which is the source of femininity.” The male deity said: “In my body again there is a place which is the source of masculinity. I wish to unite this source-place of my body to the source-place of thy body.” Hereupon the male and female first became united as husband and wife….Hence first arose the designation of the Great Eight-island Country.

– from Nihon Shogi (“The Chronicles of Japan”)

The Nihon Shoki (also known as the Nihongi) is the second oldest work of Japanese history, predated only by the Kojiki (“Records of Ancient Matters”), compiled some 80 years earlier. More full of detail than the Kojiki, the Nihon Shoki has proven to be more reliable and therefore of greater value to historians and archeologists. The work was completed by Prince Toneri (676-735) with the help of Ō no Yasamuro (d. 723), compiler and perhaps composer of the Kojiki.

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Prince Toneri
Prince Toneri

The Nihon Shoki

Izanagi and Izanami [i.e. “the divine primal pair”] stood on the floating bridge of Heaven, and held counsel together, saying: “Is there not a country beneath?” Thereupon they thrust down the jewel-spear of Heaven, and groping about therewith found the ocean. The brine which dripped from the point of the spear coagulated and became an island which received the name of Ono-goro-jima. The two Deities thereupon descended and dwelt in this island. Accordingly they wished to become husband and wife together, and to produce countries. So they made Ono-goro-jima the pillar of the center of the land. …Then [Izanagi] inquired of the female deity, saying: “In thy body is there aught formed?” She answered, and said: “In my body there is a place which is the source of femininity.” The male deity said: “In my body again there is a place which is the source of masculinity. I wish to unite this source-place of my body to the source-place of thy body.” Hereupon the male and female first became united as husband and wife….Hence first arose the designation of the Great Eight-island Country.

– from Nihon Shogi (“The Chronicles of Japan”)

The Nihon Shoki (also known as the Nihongi) is the second oldest work of Japanese history, predated only by the Kojiki (“Records of Ancient Matters”), compiled some 80 years earlier. More full of detail than the Kojiki, the Nihon Shoki has proven to be more reliable and therefore of greater value to historians and archeologists. The work was completed by Prince Toneri (676-735) with the help of Ō no Yasamuro (d. 723), compiler and perhaps composer of the Kojiki.

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4S Ranch Allied Gardens Alpine Baja Balboa Park Bankers Hill Barrio Logan Bay Ho Bay Park Black Mountain Ranch Blossom Valley Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Boulevard Campo Cardiff-by-the-Sea Carlsbad Carmel Mountain Carmel Valley Chollas View Chula Vista City College City Heights Clairemont College Area Coronado CSU San Marcos Cuyamaca College Del Cerro Del Mar Descanso Downtown San Diego Eastlake East Village El Cajon Emerald Hills Encanto Encinitas Escondido Fallbrook Fletcher Hills Golden Hill Grant Hill Grantville Grossmont College Guatay Harbor Island Hillcrest Imperial Beach Imperial Valley Jacumba Jamacha-Lomita Jamul Julian Kearny Mesa Kensington La Jolla Lakeside La Mesa Lemon Grove Leucadia Liberty Station Lincoln Acres Lincoln Park Linda Vista Little Italy Logan Heights Mesa College Midway District MiraCosta College Miramar Miramar College Mira Mesa Mission Beach Mission Hills Mission Valley Mountain View Mount Hope Mount Laguna National City Nestor Normal Heights North Park Oak Park Ocean Beach Oceanside Old Town Otay Mesa Pacific Beach Pala Palomar College Palomar Mountain Paradise Hills Pauma Valley Pine Valley Point Loma Point Loma Nazarene Potrero Poway Rainbow Ramona Rancho Bernardo Rancho Penasquitos Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe Rolando San Carlos San Marcos San Onofre Santa Ysabel Santee San Ysidro Scripps Ranch SDSU Serra Mesa Shelltown Shelter Island Sherman Heights Skyline Solana Beach Sorrento Valley Southcrest South Park Southwestern College Spring Valley Stockton Talmadge Temecula Tierrasanta Tijuana UCSD University City University Heights USD Valencia Park Valley Center Vista Warner Springs
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