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Next: Lost and Found


  1. Locals refer to Magdalena Bay as Mags Bay. It has so many varieties of marine life it has also been called “the Aquarium of the Pacific.”
  2. Druett, Joan: “Until the isolation of vitamin C and its direct link to scurvy in 1932, numerous theories and treatments were proposed, often on little or no experimental data.”
  3. Richard Pourade: “After sickness laid hold of the men, there was much suffering…on all three vessels.”


Bolton, Herbert Eugene, Spanish Explorations in the Southwest, 1542–1706, New York, 1930.

Crosby, Alfred W., Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansions of Europe, 900–1900, Cambridge,1986.

Druett, Joan, Rough Medicine: Surgeons at Sea in the Age of Sail, New York, 2000.

Harlow, Neal, Maps of the Pueblo Lands of San Diego, 1602–1874, Los Angeles, 1987.

Mathes, W. Michael, Vizcaíno and Spanish Expansion of the Pacific Ocean: 1580–1630, San Francisco, 1968.

Myers, Paul A., North to California: The Spanish Voyages of Discovery, 1533–1603, Coral Springs, 2004.

Pourade, Richard, The History of San Diego: The Explorers, San Diego, 1960.

Wagner, Henry R., Spanish Voyages to the Northwest Coast of America in the 16th Century, San Francisco, 1929.

Chapters: 1: Galleon | 2: Assault | 3: Vermilion Sea | 4: The Crews | 6: San Diego | 7: The Bay | 8: Scurvy | 9: Salvation

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Prosperina Nov. 6, 2011 @ 3:08 p.m.

WHY hasn't someone made a series or a movie out of these adventures!? They read like some of the chapters from the 'Game of Thrones' series - at least these journies and events -- this is great stuff!


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