Eve Kelly 5:30 a.m., Sept. 17
- Community Blog
- Ensign Hickman
Border News Translations: Deputy Chief of Mischief; Child Labor
TIJUANA, BC (El Sol de Tijuana, Editorial, 5/23/11) - Apparently, a lack of attention by the Secretary of Municipal Public Security, Gustavo Huerta Martinez, has allowed some policemen of different sections to perform mischief against society. Such is the case with the Deputy Chief of Tránsito Municipal, which provides services in the evening in the downtown area. He issues instructions to officers so they would avoid some events from being held – such as ones that feature a large number of motorcyclists from Los Angeles, California. The organizers of the event showed permission to the above-mentioned Deputy Chief, who served badly as the Directorate of Municipal Government and gave permission for the event and boasted that he only does what instructed by senior leaders. It is appropriate to say that the elements of the Tránsito Municipal group have been denounced because it is funny. Their work is dedicated to finding badly parked vehicles and request cranes to tow them to the barn. This harms the economy of people who need to make downtown area purchases.
TIJUANA, BC (El Sol de Tijuana, Sonia García Ochoa, 5/23/11) – 44,000 children from 5 to 17 years of age in Baja California are working, do not study and are in distress. More than 50% are from Tijuana, whose population has truncated his preparation and future. They are imminently "street children that work", an alarming economic social phenomenon that has eluded authorities. Dr. Alejandro Díaz Bautista, National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) a researcher, said that in its economic analysis on education in Baja California "shows us that young people under 14 years that have cut short their schooling and are working have become a significant percentage of the subculture population in the State". The researcher and doctor of economy said 13% of the population who are 14 years or older have incomplete elementary schooling. 25% have completed primary school, while 34% of the working population has just completed high school as of the first quarter of 2011. Thousands of children who will continue to be victims of domestic violence, maltreatment, malnutrition, suffer denial of individual rights and labor abuse in Tijuana. In all the directions in the city of Tijuana it is common to see children serving in fixed or semi-mobile locations, employed at traffic lights and street posts selling various articles. During 2011, more children are in the streets of Tijuana working and do not attend school. "It is important to socialize them and make it a visible reality in the State and the country. Millions of children are exploited by labor in Mexico". There is an alarming social economic phenomenon with thousands of children working in the streets of Baja California and millions who work in all of Mexico. This social problem increases and many of them fail to attend school, leaving to work. At their age, they are often like adults that contribute to the livelihoods of families. "These child workers are joining more than 3,000 infants living in the streets of the city of Tijuana. Many are the subject of abuses of individual rights, as well as being easy an easy target for any type of abuse", He said. The socio-economic analysis indicates that more than 3 million children under the age of 14 years are working in Mexico in 2011. This is 9.2% of the total 32.5 million children under 14 years of living in the country. The sectors where child labor is mainly concentrated are agriculture with 42% and commercial industry with 22%. The adverse economic situations and family problems that sometimes require children to drop out of school and join the labor market during unfavorable conditions, is what adversely affects their personal and emotional development during their lifetime. They are less likely to participate in productive activities to satisfy their needs of food, clothing, education or membership. They cannot attend school and still be able to contribute to household expenditures. Families cannot survive without their help and still not live in some sort of poverty. During 1998, it was estimated that in Tijuana there were 5,800 children working. In 2009, the amount was estimated to reach the 25,000. That’s thousands more children under the age of 14 years during 2010 and 2011 who have so far integrated into the ranks of the labor. They can be seen at crossings, streets and avenues anywhere in the city. For 2011, it is estimated there are at least 44,000 children from 5 to 17 years of age engaged in economic activity in the State, highlighted doctor Alejandro Díaz Bautista. "It is very common in Baja California and all over Mexico to see children who are at red traffic lights dressed for stunts with a wrestler’s mask." They wander among the cars and seek eye contact with the motorists, to see if they can get a few coins. Child labor continues to persist in Mexico, while the Constitution guarantees their rights of food, health, education and healthy recreation for integral development. While in Mexico, the Constitution prohibits the employment of children less than 14 years of age, social and economic problems still exist in the State and the country. Crime, early pregnancy and a social backlog is what awaits thousands of children under the age of 14 throughout the State. The main violations of human rights of children who work are a lack of protection of their health and integrity, discrimination, marginalization and at times abuse and violence. Child labor is still a reality in Baja California and Mexico during 2011. This is due to situations of poverty, vulnerability and the social exclusion of millions of families. The employment of minors should increase their purchasing power, but the reality of children working exhibits a low priority for dealing with the Affairs of the citizens. Children remain common and ordinary in the agenda of politicians at all levels in Mexico. So far, no authority has made and given continuity to a serious effort to help reduce and eliminate the problem we live with in Baja California and Mexico, already now for decades and during the last century, said the researcher of Conacyt.