• Story alerts
  • Letter to Editor
  • Pin it

Fong, Walter N., “The Chinese Six Companies,” Overland Monthly, May 1894.

Heizer, Robert F. and Almquist, Alan F., The Other Californians, Berkeley, 1971.

Lee, Murray K., In Search of Gold Mountain: A History of the Chinese in San Diego, California, Virginia Beach, 2011; interview.

Porter, Rufina, Memoirs, ms. San Diego History Center; oral history interview, 1936, ms. Spring Valley Historical Society.

Shin-Shan, Henry Tsai, China and the Overseas Chinese in the United States, 1868–1911, Fayetteville, 1983.

Van Meter, James, director and caretaker, Bancroft Ranch Historical Museum, interview.

Webster, Karna, The Hidden Heart: A History of Spring Valley and the Bancroft House, self-published ms., Bancroft House, 1980.

“Chinese Slavery in California, An Outrageous Case,” San Diego Daily Union, April 16, 1872; “Sequel to the Chinese Case,” San Diego Daily Union, April 17, 1872.

  • Story alerts
  • Letter to Editor
  • Pin it

More from SDReader


Javajoe25 Oct. 18, 2012 @ 10:26 p.m.

So, the truth is...nobody really knows what the truth is nor what really happened to the young couple. I love fictive history. It can be anything you want it to be.


Jeff Smith Oct. 19, 2012 @ noon

No one knows. But that's not "fictive history." Fictive history would be to tag one of the contradictory endings to the story and tie everything up in a tidy little bow.


Javajoe25 Oct. 19, 2012 @ 6:59 p.m.

Really? I think history that is fictive does not have to have to be tidy. In fact, much of history is not, and so much of the history we read, turns out on closer examination to be very much the fictive type. You know what they say; history belongs to the victors or those who write it.


Jeff Smith Oct. 20, 2012 @ 10:06 a.m.

A cliche but true. That was the problem I had with the various endings. Each was determined to conclude with a personal world view: they lived happily ever after; oh no, tragedy for sure. As if to make the story say "here's how life really is," rather than here's what actually happened. To the victor goes the dominant world view. I tried to track down leads in the Santa Clara Valley (census records, etc.) and in LA newspapers at the time and found nothing. Ah Chee and Tun Yow may have changed their names, which could explain why they disappear from public records.


Javajoe25 Oct. 20, 2012 @ 10:12 a.m.

The dominant world view, indeed. Good point. And good story. Looking forward to more of your work.


Twister Oct. 21, 2012 @ 8:06 a.m.

I'm happy y'all seem to have resolved the issue, but don't understand why the piece could be considered "fictive" in the first place . . .


Javajoe25 Oct. 23, 2012 @ 9:04 p.m.

Fictive, because without absolute proof of what happened to who, and who has written what about what...and with so many contradictory versions, it is essentially a fictitious history; not factual. It's just a question of who would you like to believe. You can select whichever you want; but you don't get to select the truth. That is what it is, and we have no way of knowing for sure who got it right. We just get versions of history; Fictive history.


Twister Nov. 14, 2012 @ 3:52 p.m.

A friend once told me, "The suspension of judgment is the highest exercise in intellectual discipline."


Sign in to comment

Join our
newsletter list

Enter to win $25 at Broken Yolk Cafe

Each newsletter subscription
means another chance to win!