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After a torture session by Mexican police ("They discharged electrical shocks into his penis and genitals," according to his attorney), Frank confessed that he had stabbed Tubach to death at the behest of the women, in order that they might collect on Tubach's life insurance. A splashy trial led to the convictions, on October 7, 1977, of Federico Frank and lsabel Tubach for first-degree murder. The daughters received lesser convictions for being accessories to and for conspiracy to commit murder. Three of the four were sentenced to prison for life. Gloria, a juvenile at the time, was sent to the California Youth Authority.

Isabel was sent to the California Institute for Women, where she remains. Patricia was paroled in February 1985 and discharged from parole February 20, 1988. Frank, the actual killer, was paroled March 20, 1986, and discharged from parole March 20, 1989.


David Hargis
West Laurel Street, downtown
July 21, 1977

Cocktail Bar at Fifth Avenue and Maple Street and made a call to the apartment of Tony Mirabile, a wealthy tavern owner and reputed Mafia chieftain. He invited her up to his place, but when he opened the door, Wilfred "Sonny" Robearge, aged 39, was with her, and Robearge declared, "This is a stickup." Mirabile's nephew, who was in the apartment with Tony, stabbed Horton. After shooting Mirabile to death, Robearge fled with the wounded woman.

Subsequent investigation uncovered a conspiracy among Horton, Robearge, and three others, including Victor Francis Buono, 50, a former member of the San Diego vice squad and a bail bondsman, who was the scheme's alleged mastemind. Buono was the father of Victor Buono, a young actor who was soon to make a name for himself with guest spots on hit television crime shows like Hawaiian Eye, Route 66, and Batman.

Horton, who pleaded guilty to assault with a deadly weapon, was paroled in 1962. The men were found guilty of murder on September 17, 1959, after a trial held in Los Angeles. Buono was paroled on the state charges after serving seven years, but federal authorities made him serve extra time because he had been out on parole for bird smuggling at the time of the murder. He died in 1981; his son, who weighed well over 350 pounds, died a year later.


Dennis J. O'Connor
Campus Drive-ln, El Cajon Boulevard
December 3, 1961

O'Connor, 21, the brother of now-mayor Maureen O'Connor, arrived at the drive-in in a car with three friends. According to the probation repon, "All occupants of the car had been drinking beer and rum and coke.... The driver of the car inadvenently turned on the headlights for approximately one to three minutes," Two lot boys, employed by the drive-in to keep order, approached the car, and a brawl ensued, during which Thomas Steinbeck O'Leary, 22, one of the lot boys, stabbed O'Connor in the stomach with a large knife. O'Leary was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to state prison February 14, 1962, He was paroled on Christmas Eve 1964. His parole was discharged January 26, 1967, and he was granted a full pardon October 30, 1969.

Murders of Families


Hope Morse, 58
Jennifer Morse, 12
Carla Avenue, Chula Vista
September 2, 1962

Joseph Bernard Morse, 17, used a baseball bat and rock to club his mother and invalid sister to death in their Chula Vista home. In 1964, while awaiting trial, he killed fellow jail inmate Thomas Taddei during an argument over a gambling debt. Three trials later, a sentence of death was overturned, and Morse was sent to San Quentin for life. While still on death row in 1965, Morse was interviewed by Truman Capote for a film about capital punishment. When the famous author refused to testify during the penalty phase of Morse's second murder trial in 1970, Capote spent three days behind bars in the Orange County jail for contempt of court.


Lois Jane Pendergast, 38
David Alexander Pendergast, 9
Thomas J. Pendergast, Jr., 6
Diane Lois Pendergast, 4
Allen David Penjlergast, 2
North Second Street, El Cajon
December 12, 1958

Carl Alfred Eder, 16, was arrested in Mission Beach two days after the murders and confessed to the crime. He had been hitchhiking along Highway 80 a few months before, when Thomas Pendergast picked him up and offered him a job handing out leaflets during a union election at Pendergast's place of employment. Eder claimed that Pendergast had also instructed him in the ways of petty crime, raking him on shoplifting sprees through local markets and drug stores, as well as buying marijuana in Tijuana. He could give no particular motive for the slaughter but pleaded guilty to five counts of first-degree murder and was sentenced to life in prison. He escaped from Tehachapi and was never recaptured.


Henry Goedecke, 42
Joan Goedecke, 39
Ellen Goedecke, 15
Mark Goedecke, 8
FIrst Avenue, Chula Vista
August 15, 1964

On the evening of August 14, Raymond Henry Goedecke, an 18-year-old pre-divinity student, departed his family's Chula Vista home to spend the night at Camp Caroline, a Lutheran church camp in rural Valley Center, about 50 miles north. About three o'clock the next morning, he drove back to Chula Vista, where he murdered his sleeping mother, father, sister, and brother with a steel rod and a hunting knife and then returned to the camp. He came back to Chula Vista with a neighbor girl and pretended to "discover" the bodies with her. He greeted arriving police with a casual "Hi." In spite of one psychiatrist's testimony that his nonchalance was really a form of insanity, Goedecke was convicted of first-degree murder on December 8, 1964. However, the verdict was subsequently reduced to second-degree murder by the state supreme court. At that time, the district attorney said, "This young man is a menace to the community and should not be considered eligible for parole." Goedecke was discharged from parole on July 23, 1984, and is believed to live in Northern California.


Savaw Greenhalgh, 27
Donnita Rahe Greenhalgh, 9
Robert Nelson Greenhalgh,
Mark Allen Greenhalgh, 6
Tamra Lynn Greenhalgh, 4
Enfield Street, Spring Valley
July 18, 1967

Savaw Greenhalgh, who had been divorced by her husband Barry, 30, a Navy chief radioman, locked herself and her five children in the car and turned on the ignition. She and son Kenneth, three weeks, were found barely alive in the car, along with the four other children, all dead. She died the next day of what was believed to be carbon monoxide poisoning. Only Kenneth survived. Custody of the children had been awarded to Barry by mutual agreement only four months before, on March 27, 1967.

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