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Jeff Smith


  1. Dan Georgakas: “The IWW planned to carry out its program at a time when American capitalism was at its most unbridled stage of development, and when the working class, native and foreign born, was still adjusting to urbanized society.”
  2. Melvyn Dubofsky: “In San Diego the IWW learned the limits of passive resistance, as well as the folly of concentrating its limited power on tangential causes.”
  3. “Codger” Lewis: “Don’t write this out like it’s all past and done. Freedom’s like corn, it’s something that ain’t always gonna be there unless ya keep replanting it.”


  • Basney, Dana Alan, “The Role of the Spreckels Business Interests in the Development of San Diego,” master’s thesis, SDSU, 1975.

  • Bird, Stewart, et al, Solidarity Forever: An Oral History of the IWW, Chicago, 1985.

  • Diehl, Robert Warren, “To Speak or Not to Speak: San Diego, 1912,” master’s thesis, University of San Diego, 1976.

  • Dubofsky, Melvyn, We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World, Chicago, 1969.

  • McWilliams, Carey, Southern California: An Island on the Land, New York, 1946.

  • Miller, Grace, “The IWW Free Speech Fight: San Diego, 1912,” ms. at San Diego History Center.

  • Olin, Spencer C., California’s Prodigal Sons, Berkeley, 1968.

  • Smedley, Agnes, Daughter of Earth, New York, 1987.

  • Villalobos, Charlotte, “Civil Liberties in the San Diego Free Speech Fight,” master’s thesis, SDSU, 1966.

  • Weinstock, Harris, “A Report of Harris Weinstock…to his excellency Hiram W. Johnson, Governor of California, 1912.”

  • Articles from various newspapers.

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7

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Twister Aug. 19, 2012 @ 11:08 p.m.

When Americans get their backbone back, it will happen again.


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