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Lizzie stayed for a while with the Salmons, Louis, and her friend Hodgie, then returned to Illinois. She died, soon after, while eating ­breakfast.

Neighbors buried Mariah under a large black oak, about 40 feet from the house. In 1929, Edward Davis visited the site. He saw “a stake at the head and a white rock at the foot,” but “no name, date, or other sign to tell even that a grave was ­there.”
Jeff Smith


  1. Peter Brueggeman: Tradition calls her Maria, but “land office records record her name as Mariah ­Frazier.”
  2. Edward Davis: The Frazier sisters “were very refined, honorable, honest and cultivated people and not used to physical labor such as starting a ranch high up in the ­mountains.”
  3. Davis: Mariah “always performed her work the hardest way, when it could have been performed easier by the ­horses.”

Asher, Robert, My Palomar, 2nd edition, Peter Brueggeman, ed., San Diego, ­2008.

Beckler, Marion F., Palomar Mountain: Past and Present, Palm Desert, ­1958.

Bergman, Coral, unpublished memoir of the Mendenhall/Bergman ­families.

Bloomer, Leona, “Memories of the Mendenhalls on Palomar Mountain,” unpublished ­ms.

Brueggeman, Peter, director, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library and Archives, UCSD, ­interview.

Davidson, John, “Place Names in San Diego County,” San Diego Tribune, Nov. ­12.

Davis, Edward, “Palomar and the Stars,” Palomar Mountain Views, San Diego, vol. 1, ­1982.

“Frazier Sisters of Palomar Mountain,” Edward H. Davis Papers in the Huntington Free Library, 1910–1929, Bronx, N.Y., pp. 96–108.

Wood, Catherine, Palomar: From Teepee to Telescope, San Diego, 1937.■

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