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Next time: There go the lovers.


  1. Herbert Howe Bancroft: “I have no hesitation in pronouncing Pattie’s complaints of ill-treatment grossly exaggerated.”
  2. Fr. Zephyrin Engelhardt: “It seems that young Pattie, or more probably the man who wrote his narrative, had an unreasoning hatred of Catholics and Spaniards.”
  3. Richard Batman: Pattie’s smallpox “numbers are impossible, for by his claim he vaccinated more people than actually lived in California.”

Bancroft, Herbert Howe, History of California, vol. III, San Francisco, 1885.

Batman, Richard, James Pattie’s West: The Dream and the Reality, San Diego, 1984.

Duhaut-Cilly, Auguste, A Voyage to California and the Sandwich Islands and Around the World, Berkeley, 1999.

Engelhardt, Fr. Zephyrin, O.F.M., San Diego Mission, San Francisco, 1920.

Hutchinson, C. Alan, Frontier Settlement in Mexican California, New Haven, 1969.

Monto, Lewis, “Honolulu Fragment #1,” Plough Boy ship’s log, November 10, 1828.

Osio, Antonio Maria, The History of Alta California: A Memoir of Mexican California, Madison, 1996.

Pattie, James O., The Personal Narrative of James O. Pattie, of Kentucky, Cincinnati, 1833.

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