ENSENADA BC (El Vigia, Francisco Alberto Núñez Tapia, 5/15/11) - Today marks the 129th anniversary of Ensenada, Baja California. First named Ensenada de Todos Santos, it ended as just Ensenada. The communications Secretariat shortened the name to avoid frequent confusion in mail delivery with Todos Santos, Baja California Sur. The Bay retained the name of Todos Santos. Ensenada held a large 1910 Centennial of Independence of Mexico, inaugurating Hidalgo’s ride on September 14 and revealing the monument to Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on September 16. Ensenada was 3 years old when its City Hall opened in 1907. During celebrations in 1910, the Palace was re-inaugurated. Festivities changed from the end of 1910 to early 1911 as Mexico entered the Mexican Revolution. Baja California was the location for a series of armed clashes between residents of different cities against armed groups, composed of people with various ideologies including Magonista Maderistas, Liberals, indigenous peoples and some Americans. Heterogeneous groups of this era have made extremely complex analysis and interpretations of this historical period, called "the events of 1911". The intention here is to mention the impact to Ensenada. In that year battles occurred and some cities were taken such as Mexicali, Tijuana and Tecate. Part of the population of Ensenada fled towards the United States by sea, specifically to San Diego for fear of losing their lives. The results of the events of 1911 were economically catastrophic for the Northern District of Baja California. All commercial, industrial, agricultural and mining were virtually paralyzed. Gradually some of those who fled began to return, although many others did not return. In 1915, Ensenada ceased to be capital of the North District by order of Colonel Esteban Cantu, the new political Chief of the district who moved the capital to Mexicali. Ensenada became stalled for several years by this event as it was in the shadow of the border cities, Tijuana and Mexicali, which took off after 1915 by the economic and migratory flows into them. During the era of prohibition in United States, in the 1920s, the cove experienced a boom of tourists who came to the port in search of fun, games, and liquor - activities prohibited in United States. This led to the creation of various planning projects to attract more of this type of trade and by 1930, the Beach Hotel opened, with its own casino located on the beach of Ensenada. Visitors could arrive via comfortable maritime vessels and stay at the most luxurious hotel featured in the cove at that time. The population began to re-emerge when the global crisis came starting at the end of 1929 marking the Decade of the 30s with its lack of jobs, business bankruptcies and financial losses around the world. In addition, the end of prohibition in the United States in 1933 reduced the flow of capital to the port. In 1935, the President of Mexico, Lázaro Cárdenas outlawed gambling which was another blow to the Beach Hotel casino and other businesses in Ensenada, Baja California and Mexico in general. At the end of the decade and into the mid-1940s when World War II broke out, migration into Baja California was partially stopped. Entering the 1950s, Baja California became the 29th State of the Mexican Republic in 1952, led by its first Governor, Lic. Braulio Maldonado Sández. It carried out the first elections for municipal Presidents of the State, with Ensenada’s David Ojeda Ochoa winning the election. With the triumph of Ojeda, they established the first municipality of Ensenada in 1953 that is renewed every three years.

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