Ian Anderson 4:59 p.m., July 3
Colonel Roman I. Bortnik Tomb: the Soviet Union Hero, Gold Star Medal Number 5199 (Russian War Cemetery in Poznan, south-western slope of the Winiary hill in the Citadel Park). Fort Winiary, the then longest artillery fort in Europe, was built on a hill to the north of the city centre. Its construction started in 1829 during the Partitions of Poland. There were heavy casualties during the Battle of Poznan (24 January - 23 February 1945; 100,000 Soviet soldiers against 84,000 Hitlerites: garrison, regular, auxiliary, Hungarian, SS, and Police troops). About 10.000 Russian soldiers fell on the battlefield in the stronghold city (Fort Stronghold: 18 Prussian forts built at the end of the 19th century according to standard projects prepared for Strasbourg fortress in 1870s). They were buried in the two places: at the Poznan-Milostowo cemetery and their graves are placed around the 1945 Heroes Monument (23 m obelisk, a memorial to the Red Army) in the picture. The Milostowo cemetery is also a burial ground for over 5,000 German soldiers and the Russian and German soldiers' graves can be found in Poznan-Gluszyna. Other casualty figures including losses in the Battle of Poznan: 700 Poles (About 5,000 Poles were sided with Russians), 6,000 Germen, 100 Hungarians, and 23,000 Nazi prisoners of war.
January 10, 2013