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“Their demands,” writes Manchester, “were rejected.”

“All of these [tuna] ships used to come down all shot up,” said Vince Battaglia of YP-346 years later. Everyone knew “that we were going to get it.” ■

Next time: YP-289 goes down.

QUOTES:

  • 1. Lucile Madruga: “‘Pork Chop Express?’ I’d never heard that name before.”
  • 2. Vincent Battaglia: “Eddie Madruga…I always get mad at him. I can never find him [to] do anything wrong.”
  • 3. Daniel Shapiro: “The Navy, impressed with the performance of the ships and the yippies’ crews, continued to add more tuna clippers into service to replace those that had been lost.”

SOURCES:
Bunker, “Tuna Skipper Tells of No. 1 Morale Run,” San Diego Tribune, March 1, 1957.

Felando, August J., “Tuna Clippers & World War II,” Mains’l Haul, Winter/Spring 2008, volume 44: 1 & 2.

Madruga, Adeline (wife of Joe), and Madruga, Joseph Jr.; interview.

Madruga, Lucile (wife of Ed); interview.

Manchester, William, Goodbye Darkness: A Memoir of the Pacific War, London, 1982.

Rottman, Gordon L., World War II Pacific Island Guide: A Geo-Military Study, Connecticut, 2002.

Shapiro, Daniel, “The Pork Chop Express; San Diego’s Tuna Fleet, 1942–1945,” MA thesis, University of San Diego, 1993; interview with Ed Madruga, 1992, manuscript, San Diego History Center.

Articles in the San Diego Union, the San Diego Tribune, and other newspapers.

Part 1: Tuna boats go to war | Part 3: End of things behind enemy lines

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Comments

madruga13 April 25, 2013 @ 6:11 p.m.

Thank you for writing this story about my Grandfather and his brother. I really enjoyed reading it. I would love the e-book as well.

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