Qualcomm backs a foreign workers program that many believe puts American engineers out of work.
  • Qualcomm backs a foreign workers program that many believe puts American engineers out of work.
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Back in 1950, almost 31 percent of working Americans had manufacturing jobs. Now the figure is below 10 percent. Many analysts put the blame on American companies that sent such jobs to low- and slave-wage nations during the offshoring wave that picked up momentum in the 1980s and hasn’t stopped. Controversy rages.

There is plenty of bitterness, too, about the H-1B visa program that flows the other way: well-educated foreigners come to the United States and take good jobs, largely in high tech. Congress set up the program in 1990, although its roots go as far back as 1952. Under H-1B, foreigners with at least a bachelor’s degree take jobs in a variety of fields including biotech and law. Their three-year stay can be extended to six, and longer under some circumstances. Originally, H-1B visas were to be limited to 65,000 a year; that number was extended to 195,000 for 2001–2003. In 2008, 276,000 visas were issued.

The rationale is that there is a shortage of trained Americans for such employment. Nonsense, howl American engineers. The importation of foreign workers is just one more method to keep wages down and profits up, they claim. The United States Department of Labor is supposed to make sure that foreign workers do not displace Americans or adversely affect their wages. But American tech workers say the department is failing at both tasks.

The late Nobel Prize–winning economist Milton Friedman called H-1B a corporate subsidy. “It’s corporate welfare,” says Norman Matloff, professor of computer science at the University of California Davis. The H-1B program “is fundamentally about cheap labor,” he says. Foreign workers are often paid less than their American counterparts. “Most H-1Bs are under 30, and since younger workers are cheaper than older ones in both wages and health care costs, employers use the H-1B program to avoid hiring older [those over 35 years of age] Americans,” Matloff says on his website.

San Diego–based telecom Qualcomm, the biggest local tech employer (except hospitals), is the eighth-largest American corporate user of this program, according to the publications Bloomberg Businessweek, Computerworld, and InformationWeek. The others, in order, are prominent techs, accounting firms, and consulting firms: Microsoft, IBM, Oracle, Intel, Ernst & Young, UST Global, and Deloitte Consulting.

“Qualcomm is in the forefront of lobbying in favor of H-1B,” says Matloff. “It’s in the vanguard, one of the most vociferous lobbyists for it.”

I asked Qualcomm a number of questions, such as: Is there a shortage of tech engineers, particularly software engineers, that makes H-1B necessary? What percentage of Qualcomm’s workforce comes from the H-1B program? How much does Qualcomm spend lobbying for H-1B? Are those who come to the United States underpaid and thus contributing to a decline in wages for American engineers?

After several days of cogitation, the company would only say, “Qualcomm utilizes the H-1B program as necessary to recruit and retain the best talent in the world. We support bipartisan, sensible reform of the employment-based immigration system so that U.S. employers continue to have access to the talent they need to innovate, create American jobs and grow the U.S. economy.” Qualcomm is a member of Compete America, which pushes for the H-1B program. Qualcomm sent me some of Compete America’s literature, along with arguments compiled by another advocacy group, the National Foundation for American Policy.

In an interview with Wired.com in 2008, Qualcomm chief executive Paul Jacobs estimated that 60 percent of the university graduates the company hires are born abroad.

In January, the U.S. Government Accountability Office completed a study of the H-1B program. Congress had asked the agency to see if H-1B helped corporate innovation or harmed American workers. The agency concluded that the number of H-1B workers at any given time is unknowable because of flaws in the tracking system. The agency found a small percentage of instances in which the foreign worker was being paid less than the prevailing wage. The Department of Labor gives only a cursory look at H-1B applications, the study found. And there is no legal provision for holding employers accountable when they hire foreign workers through staffing companies. Generally, the report’s findings represented classic bureaucratic waffling.

The most interesting finding was that 46.9 percent of the workers come from India and 8.9 percent from China.

The National Foundation for American Policy proclaimed that the study undermined the assertion that companies hire H-1B professionals only because they will work cheaply. Adjusted for age, the foreign workers earn the same or more than their American counterparts, according to the foundation, citing the study. Matloff, however, cites two congressional studies and academic reports showing that H-1B workers are often paid less than Americans.

Senators Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, and Dick Durbin, D-Illinois, have cosponsored a bill seeking to end alleged loopholes in the program. Citing long-running “fraud and abuse” in the H-1B program, Grassley says, “It’s time we get the program back to its original intent where employers use H-1B visas only to shore up employment in areas where there is a lack of qualified American workers.” The proposed law would tighten up enforcement in several areas.

One former Qualcomm employee says he was in a group of 30 engineers, 20 of whom were Indian nationals, mostly H-1Bs. “I don’t think I am being racist, but it was tough to fit into a group that had their own culture and social dynamic,” he says, quoting a fellow worker who called the system “modern-day indentured servitude.” Other critics have used the same language. This ex-employee says he has “a soft spot for immigration” because his parents came from foreign countries. However, “companies take advantage of this [H-1B] process to fill their workforce with people who can’t easily change jobs and work hard and keep their mouths shut, since they’re afraid of losing their jobs and status.”

Another former employee who reapplied during the recent downturn claims that 80 percent of Qualcomm engineers are foreigners brought in during the past ten years — mostly from India. He claims that he had a job interview with a manager who was an Indian national. The former employee was told he was “too senior” with too much job experience, he says, and the interview was aborted. I asked Qualcomm about that, but it was one of the many questions that went unanswered. “I grew up being antiunion and a conservative Republican, but nowadays I’m seeing global labor being exploited by large companies to such an extent that I feel that labor protections are needed,” says this engineer.

Sorrento Valley, where Qualcomm is located, has picked up the sobriquet “Little Calcutta.” That smacks of xenophobia, but at some point, it seems, the company may have to give more information on its H-1B program to American engineers.

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Comments

SurfPuppy619 March 9, 2011 @ 8:38 a.m.

American Engineers are NOT in short Sspply, that is a fact. The H-1B visa program is a fraudulent scheme of, by and for Big Business to drive down the US wages of American Engineers and other professionals. Heck, somehow the ABA gave the greenlight to outsource LEGAL WORK to India! That shows how US economic policy is destroying not only the poor and middle class of America, but America itself since the middle class was, is and always will be the backbone of our country- and our system of a republic.

I think we did this topic a few weeks ago, and everyone went bonkers in their views!

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:28 p.m.

Yes, this column is a followup on the discussion of a few weeks ago. (H-1B was not the subject under discussion; the question evolved from other responses.) Best, Don Bauder

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tubegloob Jan. 21, 2013 @ 4:36 p.m.

You guys are kidding, right? Some of the comments here were plain stupid and racist.

I'm an Indian born software engineer in San Diego on an H1 visa. I have a bunch of friends (both Indian and American) in Qualcomm and believe I know a bit about the tech industry. Let me cover some points (no time to cover all) you guys bring up:

  • cheap slave labor: the tech industry is highly competetive- name one large tech company (please exclude niche markets) where work hours are easy. Some economies were used to easy work cultures- Greece and Italy.

  • comments about Indian engineers being less talented: I'll do you a favor and ignore those.

  • abundance of American engineers: the previous place I worked at had been trying to fill my position for 5 months. and this was a start up company founded by an American citizen of Indian origin. I was the only other Indian there. Oh and I did work my butt off there and trust me- that was the most fulfilling position I've ever held.

  • Qualcomm salary ranges: I know guys with the title 'software engineer' who are fresh grads and others with the same title with 4 years of experience + a post grad degree- would you pay them the same? it often takes multiple years to go from 'software engineer' to 'senior software engineer'. Also how would you calculate for niche talents within software engineering, like research experience in place and route algorithms, compiler algorithms, etc.?

  • "Qualcomm whose labor force went in 10 years from 95.5% American to 40% American, and whose H-1B population climbed to 42% of the total workforce, it's pretty obvious that not filling 7000 jobs from Americans will have a huge impact on the local job market": Qualcomm itself has grown in the past 10 years. Is there an indication that the number of American CompSc graduates in the San Diego area has also grown?

  • You guys don't seem to have any problems with American companies making a profit by trying to sell some of these products abroad. Does this not amount to double standards by your rule book?

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rosejulie Aug. 6, 2013 @ 9:34 a.m.

Besides the visa issues for cheap labor, I was told that Indian engineers in India can be hired into US by Indian Consulting companies who have a lot of connections with hiring managers who happen to be Indians. These consulting companies take a lot of Indian Engineers coming to USA who have fake master, PHD degrees and don't have US education. Another reason why a lot of Indian engineers in US companies is because most of the hiring managers are Indians; they won't hire other people citing "you are not qualified" after the interview. I have a friend working for Qualcomm before; verfication engineers at Qualcomm can't verify the chip, then he came on board, he can verify those things that the whole team in San Diego can't because they don't have that niche experience. But months before that one Indian engineer interviewed him, said that he was not qualified, don't have the skill they looking for. The chip is still not working until now; they still place ads looking for engineers for more than a year now for the same team.

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MesaRunner March 9, 2011 @ 9:29 a.m.

"Under H-1B, foreigners with at least a bachelor’s degree take jobs in a variety of fields including biotech and law." and fashion modeling. Don't forget those highly-skilled fashion models who are vitally necessary to innovation in the American economy because we obviously have a terrible shortage of gorgeous women with stony expressions who walk funny.

USCIS says that they approved these numbers of H-1B applicants who lacked the equivalent of a US high school diploma: year number 2000 554 2001 247 2002 169 2003 148 2004 123 2005 107 2006 96 2007 72 2008 80 2009 108

And who lacked the equivalent of a US bachelor's degree: 2000 2986 2001 3983 2002 2655 2003 2249 2004 1803 2005 1345 2006 914 2007 913 2008 643 2009 829

so the equivalent of a bachelor's degree is apparently not a genuine requirement, though it is mentioned in the statute, as is not harming the employment prospects and compensation of US citizens, which is equally ignored. Of course, USCIS has violated the statute, before, when they withheld for several years annual publication of the required statistics on characteristics of those approved for H-1Bs.

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:30 p.m.

It appears that there is a strong lobby pushing for H-1B. Best, Don Bauder

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MesaRunner March 9, 2011 @ 10 a.m.

That inspired me to check the numbers of new visas issued: 278,168 H visas; 110,367 H-1B visas; 353,798 F (student) visas (which feed into the OPT and H-1B visa programs); 345,541 J (exchange) visas (ditto); 124,275 L visas (which are commonly abused as substitutes for H-1B visas); 2191 E-3 visas... all in fiscal year 2009, and these only count new visas issued by US consulates and embassies abroad, but do not count those applicants initially rejected by DoS and they don't count change of status from some other category to each of these visa types if the person is already in the USA. Even without considering that those numbers significantly under-represent the numbers currently in the USA on each kind of visa, each one of those is between 10 and 80 times reasonable levels.

I've spoken with some of the people with H-1B visas who work at Qualcomm and the neighboring tech offices -- just casually talking shop about software design, the merits of this programming language vs. that for various purposes, IDEs, data-base analysis methodologies, hard vs. soft real-time programming and such, as I would with anyone else in the field -- and they're not "best" or "brightest", nor do they have knowledge not otherwise widely available among the huge pool of unemployed and underemployed US citizen STEM job candidates.

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nan shartel March 16, 2011 @ 2:03 p.m.

this situation has gone on with Filipino nurses for many many years...they even had co-pay from the US government so that hospitals had an extra incentive to hire them

now most hospitals are about 2/3 Fillipino staffing and people who take nursing courses can't get work here in San Diego and elsewhere

they also come in on H-1B visas

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SurfPuppy619 March 16, 2011 @ 10:05 p.m.

Yes, the nursing "shortage" is well known.

Actually private schools also recruit heavily from the Phillipines for teachers.

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sd_engineer March 17, 2011 @ 7:56 p.m.

Yes I heard about the impacts to nursing programs as well. The only thing to do is spread the word and pressure your representatives. I e-mailed both of my Senators and my congressional rep. (Brian Bilbray). I was surprised to get a call from his office by one of his workers who focuses on immigration issues. I told her about my outrage at the gross displacement of workers, even in the middle of the nation's worse recession since the depression. Interestingly enough she brought up the problem in nursing. So his office is aware of it.

Her advice was to stay outraged and become an activist. I assumed that Bilbray being GOP would be unsympathetic to this issue and instead I found his office to be both aware of the problem and sympathetic. It all could be lip service though. Interestingly enough I got the opposite response from one of my DEM senators (I think it was Dianne Feinstein, but I'll have to check). She said something to the effect that she supports the H1B system to drive innovation. With that comment she told me two things: 1) She's a corporate tool. 2) She's too stupid to pay lip service to the issue, so that people know that she's a corporate tool.

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Ponzi March 17, 2011 @ 9:39 p.m.

I only mentioned the Filipino nurse connection as an additional comment. I personally don’t feel it’s a problem because I understand that the U.S. indeed has a shortage of nurses. As we have more and more people living longer and the baby boomers reaching their prime, there is a demand for more healthcare services.

When companies like Steve Francis can skim off money contracting out nurses, there is certainly evidence for a need to fill. There also is evidence that there is very little unemployment in the nursing field, unlike the unemployment that plagues the (American) engineering and programming population.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 3:45 p.m.

I personally would like to keep it free market. If the demand is high, wages will go high and people will enter the field to satisfy the demand.

Flooding some fields with foreign labor is a bad precedent and it opens up a lot of subjectivity on what is considered to be a shortage and what are reasonable wages that should be paid. Wall Street loves those arguments, because to them having 100 people tap dancing for one opening is a labor shortage and they will begrudge any wages being paid as too high.

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:32 p.m.

The "best and brightest" question is one that I didn't get into for lack of space. But it's central to the argument. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:37 a.m.

As far as “best and brightest….”

Only three (3) Indian citizens have won the Nobel Prize. Only one (1) for science;

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888–1970) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the year 1930.

I won’t have room in this comment box to list the U.S. citizens who’ve won the Nobel Prize in the sciences.

This is not a complete list, but you get the picture:

1914, Chemistry, Theodore W. Richards 1932, Chemistry, Irving Langmuir 1934, Chemistry, Harold C. Urey 1946, Chemistry, John H. Northrop 1946, Chemistry, Wendell M. Stanley 1946, Chemistry, James B. Sumner 1949, Chemistry, William F. Giauque 1951, Chemistry, Glenn T. Seaborg 1951, Chemistry, Edwin M. McMillan 1954, Chemistry, Linus Pauling 1955, Chemistry, Vincent du Vigneaud 1960, Chemistry, Willard F. Libby 1961, Chemistry, Melvin Calvin 1965, Chemistry, Robert B. Woodward 1966, Chemistry, Robert S. Mulliken 1968, Chemistry, Lars Onsager 1972, Chemistry, Christian Anfinsen 1972, Chemistry, Stanford Moore 1972, Chemistry, William H. Stein 1974, Chemistry, Paul J. Flory 1976, Chemistry, William Lipscomb 1979, Chemistry, Herbert C. Brown 1980, Chemistry, Paul Berg 1980, Chemistry, Walter Gilbert 1981, Chemistry, Roald Hoffmann 1983, Chemistry, Henry Taube 1984, Chemistry, Bruce Merrifield 1985, Chemistry, Jerome Karle 1985, Chemistry, Herbert A. Hauptman 1986, Chemistry, Yuan T. Lee 1986, Chemistry, Dudley R. Herschbach 1987, Chemistry, Charles J. Pedersen 1987, Chemistry, Donald J. Cram 1989, Chemistry, Sidney Altman (also Canada)

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:39 a.m.

1989, Chemistry, Thomas R. Cech 1990, Chemistry, Elias James Corey 1992, Chemistry, Rudolph A. Marcus 1993, Chemistry, Kary B. Mullis 1994, Chemistry, George A. Olah 1995, Chemistry, Mario J. Molina 1995, Chemistry, F. Sherwood Rowland 1996, Chemistry, Robert F. Curl Jr. 1996, Chemistry, Richard E. Smalley 1997, Chemistry, Paul D. Boyer 1998, Chemistry, Walter Kohn 1999, Chemistry, Ahmed Zewail (also Egypt) 2000, Chemistry, Alan G. MacDiarmid 2000, Chemistry, Alan Heeger 2001, Chemistry, K. Barry Sharpless 2001, Chemistry, William S. Knowles 2002, Chemistry, John B. Fenn 2003, Chemistry, Peter Agre 2003, Chemistry, Roderick MacKinnon 2004, Chemistry, Irwin Rose 2005, Chemistry, Robert H. Grubbs 2005, Chemistry, Richard R. Schrock 2006, Chemistry, Roger D. Kornberg 2008, Chemistry, Martin Chalfie 2008, Chemistry, Roger Y. Tsien 2009, Chemistry, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan 2009, Chemistry, Thomas A. Steitz 2010, Chemistry, Richard F. Heck

1907, Physics, Albert A. Michelson 1923, Physics, Robert A. Millikan 1927, Physics, Arthur H. Compton 1936, Physics, Carl D. Anderson 1937, Physics, Clinton Davisson 1939, Physics, Ernest Lawrence 1943, Physics, Otto Stern 1944, Physics, Isidor Isaac Rabi 1946, Physics, Percy W. Bridgman 1952, Physics, Felix Bloch 1952, Physics, E. M. Purcell 1955, Physics, Willis E. Lamb 1955, Physics, Polykarp Kusch 1956, Physics, John Bardeen 1956, Physics, Walter H. Brattain 1956, Physics, William B. Shockley 1959, Physics, Emilio Segrè 1959, Physics, Owen Chamberlain 1960, Physics, Donald A. Glaser 1961, Physics, Robert Hofstadter 1963, Physics, Eugene Wigner 1963, Physics, Maria Goeppert-Mayer 1964, Physics, Charles H. Townes 1965, Physics, Richard P. Feynman 1965, Physics, Julian Schwinger 1967, Physics, Hans Bethe 1968, Physics, Luis Alvarez 1969, Physics, Murray Gell-Mann 1972, Physics, John Bardeen 1972, Physics, Leon N. Cooper 1972, Physics, Robert Schrieffer 1973, Physics, Ivar Giaever 1975, Physics, James Rainwater 1976, Physics, Burton Richter 1976, Physics, Samuel C. C. Ting 1977, Physics, John H. van Vleck 1977, Physics, Philip W. Anderson 1978, Physics, Arno Penzias 1978, Physics, Robert Woodrow Wilson 1979, Physics, Sheldon Glashow 1979, Physics, Steven Weinberg 1980, Physics, James Cronin 1980, Physics, Val Fitch 1981, Physics, Arthur L. Schawlow 1981, Physics, Nicolaas Bloembergen 1982, Physics, Kenneth G. Wilson 1983, Physics, Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983, Physics, William A. Fowler 1988, Physics, Melvin Schwartz 1988, Physics, Jack Steinberger 1988, Physics, Leon M. Lederman 1989, Physics, Hans G. Dehmelt 1989, Physics, Norman F. Ramsey 2009, Physics, George E. Smith

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:42 a.m.

My list still excluded over a hundred other Nobel Prize winners and I am not even counting economics or literature.

Another fact is India has about three (3) times our population. An opportunity to do something three times more often.

One Nobel Prize winner, “best and brightest” ….

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:26 a.m.

They have been an arrogant lot claiming they are “the best and brightest” until people hear its so many time they actuall begin to believe it is fact.

Ethics are certainly absent in their behavior as well. But that’s for another story.

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 4:11 p.m.

Ponzi, I know that you're well intentioned, but your comments come across as painting a large group of people too broadly. I have many friends who are Indian that don't fit your description. I think that in painting such a broad picture that the more important points of your message will be ignored.

The wage dilution being wrought by corporate America on skilled workers also applies to Green Card holders and H-1Bs. Most of those just off the boat don't see it, but the ones that have been here for awhile do. Since these groups now represent such a large presence in the engineering community, I think that it's important to rally them to the cause rather than alienate them. Just because someone came here previously on a H1B doesn't mean that they too want to see their standard of living erased by never-ending waves of immigration.

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 5:43 p.m.

It was not my intention to paint all of them with a broad brush. I have Indian friends, many of whom I became acquainted with before the H-1B phenomenon morphed into corporate treason.

I was, for a time, engaged in work that put me in direct contact with H-1B visitors from China and India. I witnessed a great deal of arrogance and entitlement on their part. They also burdened me and my team with constant questions and requests for help, which would have been uncustomary had we simply had Americans. There was an unacceptable learning curve in my opinion. In both, cultural nuances as well as technical integration.

There was an awful lot of questionable conduct. People that wanted to buy homes and lied on applications or asked people to tell “stories” for them. The way some, who had never driven a car, came about getting a California driver’s license. Experience that was listed in their resume that was obviously exaggerated.

It’s easy to arm-chair quarterback the intent and candor of my comments, but you would have had to have 30 years of aerospace and communication engineering - on the job - experience in the rank and file and later management to see things through my eyes. I have been in one way or another, in HR and IT management, observing the H-1B farce since the 1980’s.

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henryj99 March 9, 2011 @ 1:14 p.m.

The market cuts through all the bs and will tell you whether labor is in short supply for a particular field. Look at the direction of wages and you'll know the story - it's that easy. I have read stories on some sites of the extraordinary wages having to be paid to attract certain types of engineers - but for those interested in the real story you can venture out to the DOL job banks and see for yourself. According to the wages being offered, the conclusion has to be - there is no shortage. If there was a shortage, just let the market straighten it out. Rising wages will attract more workers into that field - again it's that easy. Observation: Many of the same people who claim to free marketers are the ones who call for the importation of labor.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 3:10 p.m.

henryj99, it's a fact that Qualcomm has reduced the benefits that they are paying to workers compared to years past. Not only that but the stock options that they give out to entice workers is not worth as much as they used to, because the company is so much larger than it was in the past. Comparing salaries across the board is a difficult thing to do correctly, but I believe that salaries will bear this out also.

Yet another indication that there is no shortage of American STEM workers is the fact that hiring masses of people on H-1Bs is concentrated in a relatively small number of tech companies like Qualcomm and Microsoft. Other High Tech companies such as Apple seem to have no problem finding qualified American applicants and don't tap the H-1B Visa nearly to the extent of MSFT and QCOM. Both MSFT and QCOM could be considered to be monopolies by many people and monopolies are well known to mistreat both their customers and employees. When a company like Apple hires an H-1B it is usually to hire a truly best and the brightest and people like that have salaries well over $140K, not the sub $100k paid by Qualcomm.

In San Diego, local tech companies like HP and Broadcom seem to get along just fine with limited hiring of H-1Bs. In fact this pretty much says it all: http://www.myvisajobs.com/San-Diego-CA-11WC.htm

In just the beginning of this year alone, Qualcomm has a combined 459 H-1B Visa applications, which looks as though it's more than all other San Diego businesses combined.

It's also interesting to note the low salaries for Mindlance (the Indian job shop agency that Qualcomm uses) and also Tata Consultancy (another Indian job shop agency which might also be used by Qualcomm). If you wanted salary information, this says it all.

I feel bad for all of those graduating at UCSD with a degree in CS. Qualcomm is hiring like crazy, but they aren't hiring Americans....

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:41 p.m.

FYI, Qualcomm CEO Paul Jacobs received $19 million in compensation in 2009. That was almost 600 times when the average worker made that year. How do you think the company can pay that much to the CEO without slicing workers' pay? Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 9:16 a.m.

Indeed. In fact a Google search shows that Paul Jacobs lives in a posh $13M 12,000 sq. foot home on La Jolla Shores with panoramic ocean views. Not a bad crib for someone who essentially inherited the company from his father. Nepotism runs deep at Qualcomm and there are many other families of executives who work at the company. You would think that this strong sense of entitlement would motivate them to hire other San Diegans and Americans but this is clearly not the case.

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:48 a.m.

They don’t hire Americans is a theme in many Indian dominated shops. This is true at Microsoft and Intel. When a hiring manager is Indian he invariably hires more Indians.

There are privately held Silicon Valley businesses that are Indian owned and have staffs comprised on 95% Indian. They simply discriminate openly.

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:34 p.m.

The companies using H-1B most heavily are the same companies touting the free market all the time. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 10:25 a.m.

Very true. It's a great example of spin. These companies are betting that most Americans are either too dumb or have too short of attention spans to dig deeply into issues so they couch these anti-American issues to sound as though they are pro-American.

A perfect example of this is Qualcomm saying that they support "Compete America" and their references to, "National Foundation for American Policy". The hundreds of thousands of people being brought over every year on H-1Bs provide a strong disincentive for the best and the brightest Americans to enter STEM fields and these anti-American policies are exactly the opposite incentives that are needed.

The pro-H1B lobby referenced by Qualcomm ("National Foundation for American Policy") should really be called what it is, "The Corporate Lobby for depressing skilled wages in order to increase Corporate Profits while simultaneously boosting CEO compensation".

Worse yet, when American tech workers point out these inequities we are often labeled as Racist. I count many Indians and Chinese that came over on H-1Bs as friends. It's not about the people themselves, but rather the corrupt policies that favor cheaper foreign workers over Americans. Policies that immigrants themselves often complain about because of the whole indentured servitude process that they have to follow in order to get a Green Card.

It's also interesting to note that several of my immigrant friends who have Green Card status are now running into the same H-1B issues as Americans, because their value to Corporations has been decreased now that the power of the Visa can no longer be dangled in front of them.

The latest spin tactic that is being followed by the pro-H1B lobby is to create a "demand based H-1B system". In other words eliminate the current quota system altogether and allow companies to fill as many jobs as they want with H-1Bs. This would ensure that some companies never have to hire an American or Green Card holder.

Other spin tactics are to tell people that American schools are so bad that we can't turn out decent STEM workers and it will take years to turn this around. The reality is that America turns out tons of highly qualified and highly educated STEM workers every year. If a person digs through the details of test scores and compares apples-to-apples results with students in Europe, Shanghai and other countries, our top students are just as good as the top students in these other countries. What is clear however is that we have a segment of under-performing groups (mostly minorities and ESL children from undocumented workers) that lower our averages. Incidentally, these two groups have also been the most harmed by corporate policies of outsourcing and "in-sourcing" through the H-1B programs. Having large numbers of unemployed and unskilled workers will be a huge problem for this country going forward.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 1:36 p.m.

Part I Outstanding article. There is an an amazing amount of H1B propaganda being spun by the corporate lobby. Some pro-H1B Visa articles don't even have an authors named attached to them and are usually written by corporate sponsored "think tanks". So it's refreshing to see an informative article such as this one. Clearly this was written by someone not on the corporate dole. Thanks Don for taking a look at this important issue and for spotlighting Qualcomm's labor practices that are going on right here in San Diego's backyard.

According to MyVisaJobs (http://www.myvisajobs.com/Visa-Sponsor/Qualcomm/441292.htm) Qualcomm has directly petitioned and received 6200 Visas over the past 10 years for foreign workers to move to and work in San Diego. That is an astounding number when one considers that the company employs only 12,500 total workers in San Diego. Americans in general and San Diegans in particular should be both disgusted and outraged by this fact, as it has harmed the local job market and displaced thousands of American STEM workers.

It's interesting to read the Wired.com article that Don has cited (http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2008/03/tech-talent-dra/)

There are several profoundly disturbing comments in this interview. The first is that Jacobs says that Qualcomm is now hiring 60% of their staff from foreign countries (mostly from India apparently). Despite this, and despite the fact that the company has already received 6200 H-1B Visas, Paul Jacobs says, "he expects only to receive half of the specialized H-1B work visas to come through for his hires". Imagine what the company would be like if Jacobs was able to double the Visas that he has already received?

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:44 p.m.

The bill introduced by Sens. Grassley and Durbin would appear to be a step in the right direction. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 9, 2011 @ 6:45 p.m.

The bill introduced by Sens. Grassley and Durbin would appear to be a step in the right direction.

Don't expect ANYTHING.

Big Business is has a stranglehold on America and is basically running it- no laws will be passed that cut into Big Business profits, our massive TARP bailout proved that fact 100% beyond any doubt.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 1:37 p.m.

Part II Another profoundly disturbing comment by Jacobs was, "The company doesn’t seek out foreign-born nationals — that 60 percent ratio seems to reflect the actual composition of the talent pool available, he said during a q&a with Steve Wildstrom, a BusinessWeek technology columnist.". This doesn't seem factually possible, so I found this link after a quick Google search: http://www.itjobscareer.com/2008/12/h1b-opportunity-qualcomm-usa-san-diego.html

This link is an ad that was run in a Indian-based website that recruits for IT workers located in India. The ad ran in late 2008 not long after Jacob's interview. Clearly this shows that Qualcomm was employing an Indian job shop agency to cycle people from India to San Diego even while Jacobs was claiming that, "the company doesn't seek out foreign-born nationals". Either Jacob's comments are disingenuous at best or he is sadly misinformed about the hiring practices of his own company.

Let's look closely at this ad. Notice the minimal skill-set required, "2-5 years of experience" and "will take junior from a good school". Surprisingly, previous wireless experience is not even needed or requested. It's a known fact that the best schools are located in the US, and many American graduates have been unable to find work after graduating with a CS degree and they would have loved to have landed this job. Unfortunately, this is a clear example of the opportunities that are disappearing for our youths and why as a country we need a policy that employs our best and brightest first.

Why would Qualcomm give this opportunity to a junior-level engineer from India rather than the US you might ask? The answer can be found in the ad itself,

"Would you like to be an observer or a winner? If you want to achieve your goal of working in the US on an H-1B, you must be proactive now and start approaching Surya Patel without any further delay.

We have already started interviewing candidates. This is the time you must identify your potential , get in touch with us.

Should you not be willing to miss this excellent opportunity of coming to U.S.A for your dream job(which would be already there for you awaiting at Qualcomm)"

Clearly it's not about working for Qualcomm that is the draw, but rather the promise of getting out of India and working in the US that has these candidates excited. Qualcomm and other corporations exploit this desire to their own ends and this is an example of a policy that is harming American STEM workers in the process.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 3:43 p.m.

Not sure why, but some of the links that I posted ended up with a few characters at the end ("</p") that keeps these pages from loading. Just remove these characters from the end or use the links below:

Wired article: http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2008/03/tech-talent-dra/

Indian based recruitment ad for Qualcomm: http://www.itjobscareer.com/2008/12/h1b-opportunity-qualcomm-usa-san-diego.html

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SurfPuppy619 March 9, 2011 @ 4:54 p.m.

Wired article: . http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2008/03/tech-talent-dra/ .

Indian based recruitment ad for Qualcomm: . http://www.itjobscareer.com/2008/12/h1b-opportunity-qualcomm-usa-san-diego.html .

The key to posting hyperlinks; Period space link space space period

(. www.link.com .)

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 11:01 a.m.

These are all worth reading. They are enlightening. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 11:01 a.m.

These are all worth reading. They are enlightening. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:47 p.m.

Several of these ads were sent to me. I didn't have room to include them, but hope they will be used in future articles. Your sending them is quite helpful. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 1:39 p.m.

Part III The other thing that is disturbing about Jacob's interview is this comment, "He recently sent a letter to Homeland Security, he says, to request that it extend practical work training visas to 29 months". Most people would miss the importance of this comment but if you read these comments in light of the H-1B job ad ("If your performance is satisfactory, Qualcomm will be interested in hiring you as their permanent employee after 9 months of employment with Mindlance and working onsite at Qualcomm."), it's clear that Qualcomm brings these people into San Diego using the Indian job shop H-1B Visa. They work these people hard for the 9 month "evaluation" period, after which they are either shipped back to India or transferred to a Qualcomm H-1B. Apparently if Jacobs had his way the 9 month evaluation period would be extended to almost 2.5 years. Imagine the pressure that these poor immigrants must be under, either work long and hard hours to make the cut or be sent packing back to India. It's the kind of incentive that no American has and why companies like Qualcomm are lobbying hard to remove the H-1B Visa cap completely. For the poor immigrant who cranks out the best and hardest working 9 months that he has ever done, the trials and tribulations aren't over though. Once moved to a Qualcomm H-1B Visa, the employee can now apply for Green Card status (which many if not most do) and this process takes 6 years to be approved, during which time they can't leave the company or risk having the Green Card process restarted. They must also work hard to ensure that they aren't laid off or terminated as this would require that they leave the country within approximately 2 weeks. This is exactly the indentured servitude policies that create an uneven playing field that both Americans and immigrants complain about.

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:50 p.m.

In the course of reporting, I found several references to "indentured servitude." Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:33 a.m.

H1-B was not created to be an immigration program. The H-1B is administered by the Department of Labor not (the INS or it’s predecessor) the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 1:40 p.m.

Part IV The most shocking of comments from the Jacob's interview though comes from the main point of the article itself. "The tech talent and funding drain to China and India is one of the "scariest things going on in the United States," right now said Paul Jacobs.

The underlying and fundamental reason for tech talent drain is because American companies like Qualcomm have brought in and trained these foreigners by the boatload. Simultaneously, the outsourcing policies of other American companies have led to dramatic improvements in the economies of China and India (the chief recipients of H-1B Visas) and this has allowed many of these people to go back home and enjoy their new found opportunities armed with new found skills that companies like Qualcomm have armed them with. It's shocking that while Jacobs recognizes that this is a problem for the United States, he says nothing about his own companies hiring policies that contribute to this problem. Americans may not have Green Cards incentives to work in the US, but at least we aren't flight risks.

The Corporate lobby has been able to spin the H-1B Visa issue from what it is truly about - flooding the job market with foreign workers so as to depress wages and require workers to work longer hours. The spin has replaced the real issue with talk about the "best and the brightest" and that the Visa is needed because there is a shortage of American STEM workers. The job ad linked above is a clear indication that both of these premises are false. As if this wasn't enough, here is another Mindlance ad that is currently running for an H-1B to work for Qualcomm as a test engineer: http://www.myvisajobs.com/Visa-Work-Test%20Eng._18679553.htm This is yet another lightweight job requiring someone to have only, "2 yrs. Experience in Multimedia testing – 1+ yrs. Experience in Feature testing". Clearly this is not targeting a "best and the brightest" engineer with an extensive resume, but a very junior-level engineer. These sorts of jobs are being filled at the same time that salaries for Engineers have stagnated and in fact Qualcomm has even reduced their benefits in recent years. Both are indications not of a shortage of workers but of an overabundance of workers.

At last count Qualcomm has over $10 Billion dollars in cash in the bank. That cash was mostly accumulated off the backs of American consumers. Qualcomm clearly has the financial wherewithal to be a good corporate citizen and it's officers and share-holders have been beneficiaries of the American economy and the largess of the American consumer. Rather than utilize the H-1B Visa to exploit immigrants and Americans a-like, why not recognize where this money came from and reward Americans rather than exploit the system.

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sd_engineer March 9, 2011 @ 3:46 p.m.

Note: The link to the test engineer position referenced above is broken. Please use the one below instead:

http://www.myvisajobs.com/Visa-Jobs-Full/qualcomm-W/L/T/Mindlance-CN/360595-CI/1.htm

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sd_engineer March 21, 2011 @ 6:15 p.m.

Further note, it seems the mindlink referenced above was pulled (not surprised). A simple search of open Mindlance job openings showed that the job ad is still running though. The name of the hiring company has been removed, but the location (San Diego), job description, skills, etc. are all the same. Furthermore, Mindlance lists this job in their category of paltry $30K/yr jobs. This is where test engineering is headed thanks to the crush of jobs....

The ad is cut and pasted below (along with the link):

Reference # : 11-01861 Title : win mobile tester Location : san diego, CA Experience Level : 2 Years Start Date / End Date : 03/10/2011 / 03/09/2012
Assignment Detail

Description

* Windows Mobile Test                             
* Multimedia testing                                  
* Feature testing - browser, audio, video, camera etc.                                         
  Qualcomm tools added advantage

(. http://careers.mindlance.com/private/myjobs/openjob_outside.jsp?a=6iy7kwtf006nz6b5axbqd3dftmz1ntcpc67p0b4x6jah77rp2vvnolj0nef627gu&SearchString=&StatesString=&source=indeed.com&id=2514445 .)

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Don Bauder March 9, 2011 @ 5:58 p.m.

Unfortunately, since the 1980s, corporate boards of directors have concluded that the only constituency of the board is the shareholder. Not employees, not vendors, not the community. The end-all and be-all of American companies -- and of American monetary policy (see QEII) -- is to run the stock market up. It will backfire. I wish I knew when. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 11:07 a.m.

It seems that the key motivating factor for companies recruiting through H-1B is enhancement of the bottom line. That is all companies care about these days -- and the only thing Wall Street rewards them for. Our society is utterly greed-obsessed -- more so than it any time in our history, including the days of the Robber Barons. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 12:36 p.m.

This is exactly the heart of the issue isn't it? Outsourcing and "In-Sourcing" via the H-1B and other Visas are only one of many facets of the same problem. We have the situation where the corporate elites, very few by numbers are exerting considerable pressure to further their agenda and line their pocket books at the expense of the country as a whole. Over the past 10 years all segments from across the US income range have seen a reduction in living standards except for the top 2% who have seen their earnings explode.

In my lifetime, I've never seen this level of corporate exploitation. People were always using their influence to be sure, but the extent that it is happening now is shocking to say the least.

These CEOs and companies have found that globalism provides the tools that they need to enrich themselves, but unfortunately these tools are coming at the expense of this country. The GDP of the US is relatively flat after declining during the great recession, a recession that was directly caused by these same policies.

It doesn't have to be this way however. Other countries such as Germany continue to be export powerhouses and they do this by employing their own citizens while paying relatively high wages.

As you've pointed out, American-style capitalism is the problem, because labor and policies that favor the nation as a whole are not part of the equation.

Unfortunately I don't see it changing anytime soon because Americans as a whole seem unable to see through the corporate spin and in fact many are supporting the same policies that are directly harming them.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:42 p.m.

U.S. corporations don't give a hoot about their own country. They only care about their own bottom lines. Best, Don Bauder

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donnaconroydirector March 10, 2011 @ 7:16 a.m.

We’ve got an over abundance of experienced tech professionals and an oversupply of new science & technology graduates whom we have paid dearly to educate.

But companies are bypassing this US talent – and even displacing Americans from their jobs in favor of citizens from abroad - and it's legal with corporate visa programs like H1-b.

Don, employers are so brazen they post H-1b only want ads all over the internet. Now they are posting OPT only want ads (this is an on-the-job training visa for foreign students.)

Here's a sample of how far IT firms will go to avoid hiring Americans and green card holders. You can see over 150 current ads for yourself by searching on OPT at dice.com:

Job opportunity for OPT / CPT / F1 / We do H1B Process for free. JAVA Developers only OPT/CPT/L2/EAD Visa Consultants at Chicago, IL Hiring freshers with OPT for various IT areas Freshers(OPT Students)

As director of Bright Future Jobs, we lobbied Sen. Durbin to restore our freedom to compete for job openings in our own country we are qualified to do. He responded with a great bill that we want passed this year. It will put Americans back to work and stop the offshoring of the jobs of the future.

Donna Conroy www.brightfuturejobs.com

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SurfPuppy619 March 10, 2011 @ 8:46 a.m.

We’ve got an over abundance of experienced tech professionals and an oversupply of new science & technology graduates whom we have paid dearly to educate.

But companies are bypassing this US talent – and even displacing Americans from their jobs in favor of citizens from abroad - and it's legal with corporate visa programs like H1-b.

=========================== You're preaching to the choir Donna!

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 11:10 a.m.

I hope you can get the word around, and the legislation passed. It appears that H-1B is just a ploy to lower salaries of American engineers, and to deprive them of jobs. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 4 p.m.

"As director of Bright Future Jobs, we lobbied Sen. Durbin to restore our freedom to compete for job openings in our own country we are qualified to do. He responded with a great bill that we want passed this year. It will put Americans back to work and stop the offshoring of the jobs of the future."

Outstanding! Keep up the good work.

I didn't know about the OPT only positions. This just goes to show how far out of whack the system has become.

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pellis March 10, 2011 @ 9:55 a.m.

Disclosure: I am a US born citizen working for Qualcomm.

Competition is a bitch, but it's an undeniable positive force in technology. As long as entry into employment is based upon a fair comparison of previous accomplishments, I think competition for jobs should be allowed.

It is by no means easier for a foreign national to complete the education necessary to get hired by Qualcomm than it is for a US National. In fact, most of the foreign nationals working for Qualcomm that I know have their Master's degree from a US University. It's my understanding that this is all but required in order to have an easier standard to compare candidates. So, unfortunately for US born engineers future and present, other countries have learned the importance of education in skilled labor. Also unfortunate for Americans is the perpetuated illusion that Americans have some unattainably high work ethic. We don't. In fact, if anything we have a misplaced sense of entitlement.

There also seems to be an illusion that there is a large labor pool of skilled US laborers who are being displaced by foreign labor. That seems to be the exact opposite sentiment of this article by the UT: http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2011/feb/12/why-san-diego-tech-companies-cant-fill-thousands-j/

I think some of the points that people discuss about "indentured servitude" might actually hold water if they weren't almost completely fabricated. Does it make more sense that Qualcomm hires the largest percentage of foreign nationals from a few countries due to the extremely long naturalization time, (Green card wait times are based on the number of applicants from each country.) or does it make more sense that a small number of other countries are beginning to understand the importance of education and skilled labor? I think perhaps the most damning aspect of this argument is that Qualcomm average pay and benefits are competitive, if not at the high end, for San Diego for software engineers. Don't believe me? Go check glassdoor.com. Why aren't these "indentured servants" (which is a laughable phrase at this income level) having an effect on Qualcomm's compensation among its peers?

I do agree that the naturalization process sucks. If you want to blame someone for having to stay at the same company for the naturalization process, I don't that entity is Qualcomm. Furthermore, I have not once heard of Qualcomm abusing this process to make their employees work hard and I can tell you that the people who don't have immigration issues hanging over their head work just as hard as those who do.

Perhaps I'm the only one in this group, but I try to encourage people to apply for citizenship. I'd prefer the foreign nationals want to become citizens, so they can vote and take their rightful (if they want it) place in America's upper-middle class.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 11:18 a.m.

That U-T article seemed to be more focused on the high cost of living in San Diego. However, the income level in San Diego is rising to close the gap. Silicon Valley has much higher incomes, but also a much higher cost of living. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 12:03 p.m.

pellis, you raise some good points. Any policy that affects so many people, will create a diversity of views and some will have experiences that differ from the norm.The truth doesn't come from any any one person, but rather the collective perspectives of the sum, which in this case will include people from within the company and outside, people who have tried to get an interview with the company and been denied, etc.

I do agree that competition is a positive force. I also wholly support bringing in the truly best and the brightest. In fact many opponents of the H-1B system such as Dr. Matloff support bringing in the best and the brightest. The only problem is this isn't happening with the system that we have. The Qualcomm job ads that I posted are clear indications of this as little in the way of job skills are requested or needed.

You also mention that most Qualcomm foreigners have a masters degree from a US university which implies that they are better qualifed and therefore better deserving to land these jobs. But how many had this before they started working for the company? Generally speaking the typical route that most people take when working on a H-1B is to come to the US with a BS degree from a relatively unknown university from their country. AFTER landing a H-1B job they then go on to pursue a masters degree which is needed for later mobility (once they get their Green Card).

Nobody is saying that immigrants don't work hard and aren't deserving of reaping benefits from their hard work. They do work hard because they have so much at stake. The point is that tech companies know this and exploit it, not because they have any altruistic motivations to help immigrants but because they know that immigrants have much more on the line than Americans/Green Card holders. It's exactly this leverage that causes companies to prefer people on H-1Bs and this preference is what is wrong with the system.

Also regarding the UT article. I questioned the veracity of the job openings after reading the article. Some of the same companies mentioned in the article also touted openings during the 2008-2009 downturn, even while they were undergoing significant downsizing. Even if these job openings are real, it's a known fact that it's hard to attract people after a significant downsizing. In fact looking at it from another way, the system that is bringing in so many people on H-1B Visas could be directly harming these smaller companies because 1) the consumer of H-1Bs tend to be larger tech companies and 2) many people that would go into a STEM field that would be hired by these smaller companies are avoiding the field.

You also touch on the lengthy immigration process. I have friends that have been in limbo for many years because of this and I feel for them. My belief however is that this system is functioning exactly the way that corporations and their powerful corporate lobbies would like it to function.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:33 p.m.

The H-1B system enhances profits. And that's all companies are about. Best, Don Bauder

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mythreyajl March 16, 2014 @ 10:47 a.m.

"But how many had this before they started working for the company? Generally speaking the typical route that most people take when working on a H-1B is to come to the US with a BS degree from a relatively unknown university from their country. AFTER landing a H-1B job they then go on to pursue a masters degree which is needed for later mobility (once they get their Green Card)."

Ridiculous. I know 20 people from India who work at Qualcomm. Every one of them came to the US to pursue a Master's or a PhD degree. Every one of them has at least one publication in a peer-reviewed top quality journal.

I agree that there are vile elements in India who bypass the rigorous steps me and some of my compatriots have taken, however, the stupid generalization you make goes to show how misinformed you are about the reality. I am sorry to destroy your bubble but here's the reality: The US doesn't graduate enough Americans with advanced STEM degrees. It NEEDS Indians and Chinese nationals to keep it's industry standards afloat.

If American's see the need to compete with Asians for high-tech jobs, they must stop whining and really do their Math, figuratively and literally.

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SurfPuppy619 March 10, 2011 @ 1:43 p.m.

It's my understanding that this is all but required in order to have an easier standard to compare candidates. So, unfortunately for US born engineers future and present, other countries have learned the importance of education in skilled labor.

1-Your "understanding" is not fact-it is wild speculation at best. Unless you know this as a FACT it is best not to speculate.

2- Allowing "other countries" to come in and compete with OUR own citizens is a fraud in order to lower wages. You have NOT stated we have a shortage-only your own conclusion that competition is good for the market.

I think you're selling out our country with your claims.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:35 p.m.

American corporations are selling out their country for the sake of short term profits. They will regret this, but they are too shortsighted to see what is coming. Best, Don Bauder

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FedUpAmerican March 10, 2011 @ 2:20 p.m.

pellis, sure, if competition is so great for improving the outcomes (and I do believe some competition is surely needed), as you say, then why stop at importing "more and better qualified" foreign engineers to America? Let's also import more and better qualified managers, doctors, lawyers, accountants, carpenters, politicians, artists, etc., from abroad, to replace ALL their American counterparts - for the sake of improving in every aspect. It's wonderful in theory, until you realize that America would soon be turned into the greatest culturally and socially FRAGMENTED nation in history! Seriously, is that the America that you or your children (and grandchildren) would really want to live in?

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:37 p.m.

Actually, the H-!B program just doesn't bring in engineers. It brings in doctors, accountants, management consultants, etc. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 11, 2011 @ 11:07 a.m.

Very true. Everyone should look at the list of top corporate consumers of H-1Bs as it is an eye-opener. Companies that you wouldn't think of such as Pharmacy chains Rite-Aid and CVS are large consumers of H-1Bs.

During the meltdown in 2008, Wall Street companies laid people off by the tens of thousands while simultaneously lobbying the government for tens of thousands of H-1B replacement workers. This is a perfect example where it's not about the best and the brightest, but about corporate profits.

Alan Greenspan was one of the most outspoken proponents of the H-1B program because in his perspective it was important to depress the wages of, "the privileged elite". His definition of the privileged elite isn't the overpaid Wall Streeters, but shockingly skilled workers in the U.S.

This interview with Greenspan is just one example (start at 3:40 into the clip): ( .http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqx88M.... )

It's interesting to point out that Greenspan was also the architect of the cheap lending that led to the housing bust. Heavily leveraging Americans into homes and then working proactively to reduce their standard of living makes no sense whatsoever and is an example of the failed policies that generated the economic collapse of 2008.

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SurfPuppy619 March 11, 2011 @ 12:16 p.m.

It's interesting to point out that Greenspan was also the architect of the cheap lending that led to the housing bust.

There is no one named Alan Greenspan, but there is a clown who ran the Federal Reserve for many years and ran the country into the toilet-his name is "Mr. Bubble".

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:42 p.m.

We are all reassessing Greenspan, the one-time hero. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:14 a.m.

My mother worked for the HRD and later the EDD as an administrative law judge. The Visa programs in the 60’s, 70’s and early 80’s were for real shortages. Sushi chef, language translator, scientist with a specialty.

Not until the Reagan Revolution and the sacking of the Justice and Labor Departments did it morph into an anything-goes, hire HTML programmer and burger flipper program.

H1-B’s applications will also say “programmer” and on arrival take work as a machine operator or delivery boy.

Also, many of the “diplomas” and transcripts are fake. Falsified certified transcripts and realistic looking fake diplomas are easily ordered over the internet in India, China and the Balkins.

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 2:50 p.m.

One other point to pellis. I checked the Glassdoor.com link that you supplied and there is a huge discrepancy in salaries reported. For example according to glassdoor, software engineers at Qualcomm are making anywhere from $64K to $95K in salary. For senior SW engineers the range is $78K to $109K. The website doesn't specify where people fall with an H-1B, but my bet is that it's on the low end. In fact this might explain why there is such a large range.

Also, as I previously pointed out, Qualcomm cycles in many H-1Bs through third party Indian-based job shop companies like mindlance. H-1B salaries are a matter of public record. So I looked into the average salary that mindlance pays in San Diego and it's a paltry $64K/yr. That's $64K/yr across all engineering categories and experience levels...

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:40 p.m.

That would buttress the point that H-1B holds down salaries of Americans. Best, Don Bauder

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pellis March 11, 2011 @ 9:41 a.m.

I understand that one man's experience doesn't create a truth, but since you asked (in your other post), every single foreign national I know who has a Masters had it before they were hired or they were hired as interns while they were grad students. As I explained before, and as you mentioned, there are many schools in other countries and it is hard enough to get noticed when you are from a middle tier school in the states.

The layout on this page is horrific to the point where I am not going to go find the exact quote or who said it, but my defense of the educational path of foreign nationals was a response to someone claiming (paraphrasing here) that their educational paths were "easier" or somehow less relevant than US workers' paths. Please don't assume my beliefs beyond that as my opinions on the relevance of education in the workplace could merit an entirely separate discussion.

I'm sorry I don't have time to directly respond to every single counterpoint you made (have to work my bones off to compete with those foreign "indentured slaves" and all ;) ), but I want to address two things quickly.

Salaries for positions vary greatly and that has nothing to do with who is being hired. I only have my experiences to comment on, but depending on how people report their salary, bonus, stock options and other compensation to glassdoor.com, a range of 60k-100k for a base engineer is not out of the question. If you would like to have a conversation offline about my experiences with Qualcomm's compensation, I'd be happy to have that discussion with you privately.

I am aware that Qualcomm uses third party contracting companies. This business arrangement is complicated and I admittedly don't know a lot about it. Perhaps the salaries you are looking at are what the contracting companies are paying the contractors and not what Qualcomm is paying the contracting companies? Perhaps the H1B is having a larger impact on contract employees compared to full-time employees? I can't give you any counter perspective on this beyond that I don't personally see Qualcomm actively attempting to replace full-timers with contractors, so if there is something happening in this space, I believe it to be isolated to that domain.

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sd_engineer March 11, 2011 @ 4:36 p.m.

Let me clarify that my points are directed at the H-1B system and not foreign nationals. Once a person gets a Green Card, I don't think that they are treated any better or worse (educationally or otherwise) than any other American, and unfortunately they have to contend with the same wage pressures that American born engineers must contend with.

I do think however, that there is a natural tendency to hire like-minded people with similar backgrounds, culture and most importantly, a set circle of friends and previous co-workers. In companies such as Qualcomm's, whose staff comes predominantly from H-1Bs and foreigners (according to Jacobs), this means a natural preference to hire out of this same group and I do believe that this goes on at Qualcomm. I would like to think that this isn't a deliberate bias, but it is a bias nonetheless and an example where the system is broken.

I do believe that the H-1Bs that are directly imported here have an easier time as far as education, at least initially. In fact H-1B stats show that most have only a bachelor's degree. Companies knowingly look to hire less expensive workers that are younger and also less educated to fit these less demanding roles. The Qualcomm/mindlance job ads that I posted are perfect examples of this. If they latter better themselves by getting a masters degree from a US University, it doesn't change the fact that the initial hurdle was easier.

The question of educational level of candidates is an interesting issue that bears further discussion. It's a known fact that in recent years tech companies have tightened their hiring requirements. In many ways, having a masters degree is the new bachelors degree. This is a clear indication of a labor surplus and not a shortage.

If you take a step back and look at what is happening, it's really a game of musical chairs. More and more jobs are being outsourced (chairs going away), while more people are searching for a smaller number of chairs. If everyone has a masters degree from a ranked University, how do they continue to stand out? Where does it stop? Corporations don't really care about this, but the harm to our society can't be denied.

Incidentally I find it ironic that these same forces that have caused musical chairs/romper room in the US, have actually caused the opposite situation to happen in India. There are so many job openings in India, that in some cases people are hired without even interviewing. They are told to just show up with "some" degree from "some" University. This is a true story that was told to me by one of the "brain drain" people that Paul Jacobs was worried about. He was a former Qualcomm engineer who left the company, moved back to India and is managing a large engineering group in Bangalore.In many ways the opportunities that existed for people to better themselves in this country has shifted and are going overseas.

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:42 a.m.

That is because IBM, Intel, Motorola, Microshaft, Qualcomm and other companies are building large campuses in India and sending back some of their U.S. workers to run them.

Yes, the insourcing will come to a trickle when ALL of their hiring in at the mainland of India and China instead of the U.S. Like the manufacturing jobs, the high tech companies will keep a “U.S. presence” in the form of administrative and small R&D offices. The bulk of their staff (in the future) will be hired in India and China to work at their offices in India and China.

Just like the factory outsourcing of blue collar jobs migrated, this is just the tip of the iceberg for white collar jobs in engineering

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 11, 2011 @ 12:32 a.m.

"Does it make more sense that Qualcomm hires the largest percentage of foreign nationals from a few countries due to the extremely long naturalization time,"

What makes you think that Qualcomm intends to sponsor the foreign nationals for green cards? Qualcomm like most technology companies (Microsoft, for example, only sponsors a tiny percentage of the H-1Bs who work for them) want to exploit the foreign nationals while they on the H-1Bs and then discard them mercilessly when their visas expire. Most of these people do not leave the U.S and instead become illegals afterward. Indian has become the fastest-growing group of illegals in the U.S.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:56 p.m.

Those from India may be the fastest-growing group of illegals (I don't know) but they are still small by comparison with other groups. Best, Don Bauder

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QcomGeek March 14, 2011 @ 11:50 a.m.

Mr. Bauder,

It seems like you like to write on topics which ignites people wrong way without knowing any facts and make comments which is totally irresponsible!!!

At least do you homework before you make controversial statements!!

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 5:52 p.m.

What Don posted has been widely reported. If you do a simple google search you'll see articles such as this one:

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/services/travel/visa-power/indians-fastest-growing-illegal-immigrant-group-in-us/articleshow/4880276.cms

This is the third time that you've accused people that they don't have the facts only to be shown that you're wrong. This doesn't put Qualcomm hiring managers in a good light...

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QcomGeek March 20, 2011 @ 12:19 p.m.

Sd_engineer

But don said him self he doesn't know that means he was not aware of any article.

That was the reason of my outrage!!!

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sd_engineer March 21, 2011 @ 11:53 a.m.

I think that you are either illogical or thrown of by the nuances of the English language.

Don essentially said that, he didn't know if Indian's are the largest growing illegal immigration group in the US and that IF they are, then they are still "small by comparison to other groups".

The article that I posted confirmed the initial conjecture (which wasn't Don's) and also Don's conjecture that they are small by comparison to the other groups.

The fact that you are a Qualcomm hiring manager who failed to understand this and instead attacked him by writing the comments below, just goes to reinforce the problems facing Americans who work inside that sort of company culture.

"It seems like you like to write on topics which ignites people wrong way without knowing any facts and make comments which is totally irresponsible!!!

At least do you homework before you make controversial statements!!"

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QcomGeek March 14, 2011 @ 11:49 a.m.

"What makes you think that Qualcomm intends to sponsor the foreign nationals for green cards? Qualcomm like most technology companies (Microsoft, for example, only sponsors a tiny percentage of the H-1Bs who work for them) want to exploit the foreign nationals while they on the H-1Bs and then discard them mercilessly when their visas expire. Most of these people do not leave the U.S and instead become illegals afterward. Indian has become the fastest-growing group of illegals in the U.S."

Show the proof!!! Don't talk nonsense!!

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 6:08 p.m.

Why do you think that a busy guy like Paul Jacobs (according to his own statements in the article interview) would go to the trouble of lobbying the Department of Homeland Security to increase training Visa durations to 2.5 years? It's certainly not because he is in a rush to sponsor immigrants for a Green Card.

Me thinks that the veil of truth is slowly being peeled back....

"Epiphany - a sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality or essential meaning of something, usually initiated by some simple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience."

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 11, 2011 @ 12:47 a.m.

"Competition is a bitch, but it's an undeniable positive force in technology. As long as entry into employment is based upon a fair comparison of previous accomplishments, I think competition for jobs should be allowed."

Let me see. How do you define fair comparison of previous accomplishments? This sounds too theoretical to me. In real life, a married with 2 kids 40-year-old American engineer cannot compete with a 27-year-old unmarried Indian H-1B who is willing to work for half of his salary, willing to share an apartment with 10 other guys, willing to work like a slave (Yes I know -- the "indentured servitude" is not a figment of my imagination as you have accused -- I have worked with the H-1Bs that are forced to work 18-hour day until 3AM everyday + weekend without overpay so I know what I am talking about). If this is not indentured servitude, what is it?

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pellis March 11, 2011 @ 11:29 a.m.

Everyone has different work experiences. I don't blame H1B's for the long days I put in, I blame the competitive industry. I won't blame the H1B's when I am older and inevitably ageism takes its toll on my ability to find work, I'll blame the industry. Perhaps I'm a product of a different era where I don't expect corporations to look out for anything other than the bottom line and my expectations are set accordingly.

A side note on long hours. Since you're the Silicon Valley Engineer, I'm surprised you haven't run across a startup, mid or large sized corporation that doesn't have a large pool of H1B employees where they still work their engineers to the bones. It happens every day in a lot of companies and even different professions where H1Bs are not even significant. I, unlike some people here it seems, accept that some industries are inherently demanding. If you're American born, and you want a safe haven from the pressure and grind of the industry you are in, I suggest working in defense.

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sd_engineer March 12, 2011 @ 11:22 p.m.

Re: "I don't expect corporations to look out for anything other than the bottom line and my expectations are set accordingly."

A quick run through the #'s suggests that you are probably around 30 years old. Fast forward your life 10 years when you are married (if not already), with children to put through college. Then consider that in only the next few years another .5M IT jobs are slated for outsourcing. Then consider that several million new college grads will be entering the workforce even while another million or so people on new H1Bs will be competing for these smaller number of jobs. Then again, the corporate lobby that you seem disinterested in will probably have the H1B cap removed, so these numbers will be on the low side.

Now consider that in order for your kids to get ahead they will need a masters degree that will cost well over $300K. But you'll have to do that while funding your own retirement, because there is no reason for corporations to continue to extend generous retirement benefits. Not only that but the late 60s retirement age for you falls decades after you'll be able to stay gainfully employed as an engineer.

In 10+ years, you will probably look back at your job at Qualcomm as "the good old days" when you made decent money and only had to work 60-70 hrs a week. It might be the case though that as Qualcomm's patent portfolio runs out, that due to cost cutting, you'll be spun off or cast aside as they did the people in their two largest divisions 10 years ago. Who knows, perhaps you will be laid off and replaced by an H-1B as have many engineers at other companies. Your job might even be outsourced at which point you might have to suffer the indignity of being forced to train your H1B replacement in order to collect an extra months severance (this was the case with my neighbor a few years ago). If you try changing careers, you'll probably find that the road in these other fields are just as rocky. The best and the brightest Americans that fled or avoided the STEM field have taken the plum jobs in health care, finance and other areas and you're finding that the H-1B avalanche has extended to these other fields as well.

Grim, eh? But you don't really need to look 10 years in the future to really question what is going on. Consider this - In the wired interview, Paul Jacobs said that 60% of his workforce is foreigners and he still wanted to double the amount of H1Bs that he wanted to hire. If he had his way previously, do you really think you would have been one of the few hired out of UCSD and do you think you would be a Qualcomm employee now?

It's a shame that you don't seem to see what's going on and unfortunately this apathy is exactly what's wrong with this country and why things are going to get worse before they get better...

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 7:22 p.m.

Thanks Puppy! It's easy to make a strong case when the system is so obviously screwed up.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:33 p.m.

Jacobs has a PhD. But he doesn't have the same problems. It helps to have had your daddy co-found the company. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:59 p.m.

You make a good point. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:01 a.m.

I see you have gone to the dark side.

The H-1B program was NEVER INTENDED to be a “green card” (back door, jump to the front of the line) immigration program. It was to relieve a temporary labor shortage and the visa was supposed to expire and the borrowed worker was to return to his or her nation.

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MesaRunner March 10, 2011 @ 11:29 a.m.

The 60% figure seems to be made up. US citizens earned 82% of CS degrees, 79.5% of engineering degrees, and 85.9% of all STEM degrees in the USA according to the 2008 figures from the US Dept of Education's NCES (where STEM includes biology, communications technology, computer and information sciences, engineering, engineering technology, physical sciences, mathematics and statistics).

But counts and percentages of degrees earned don't tell the whole story. NSF reported some time ago, that 44% of professional computer wranglers in the USA did not have degrees with majors in computing, and about 22% of engineers did not have degrees with majors in engineering, and that would seem to include those with minors in those fields, those with degrees in completely different fields (some of the best software developers have backgrounds in music, classical languages, psychology, etc.), people who have no degrees but may have some university education (from 1 to 130 credit hours which may or may not fit into the rigid combinations of degree requirements), and autodidacts -- those who bought the books and the tools and learned on their own.

Still, the academics who study STEM job markets have been reporting that we've been turningout about 3 times as many US citizens with STEM degrees as we've been employing in STEM jobs.

How many US citizen non-founder autodidact STEM workers have Jacobs and other tech execs been hiring over the last 20 years?

And why focus on new young college grads instead of looking at the huge pool of bright, industrious, experienced US STEM workers who are unemployed and underemployed?

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:45 p.m.

Three times is a lot. Best, Don Bauder

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MesaRunner March 10, 2011 @ 12:18 p.m.

There also seems to be a large talent pool of skilled US workers who are being displaced by cheap, pliant foreign labor

. http://www.kermitrose.com/econ10PersonalToll.html .

There are software architects and engineers who, before H-1B was hatched, could get 10 interviews and 9 offers within a couple months, complete with full relocation and new-hire training packages. There weren't any "phone screening" trivial pursuit tests. When they called it was to ask your flight preferences.

After H-1B, US candidaes are lucky to get one pre-screen call-back from a "recruiter" per year. Executives don't want to fly US candidates in for interviews, or relocate, or invest in either new-hire or retained employee training, but do invest a great deal of effort in trumping up pretexts on which to reject all US applicants.

Before H-1B (and resume parser systems), the requirements lists were fairly short, did not include specific versions or brand names of tools but mentioned kinds of tools, and described one job. Sometimes, they would mention familiarity with a particular area of application. They focused on capabilities, and assumed you'd be part of a work-team including multiple specialists (mathematicians, statisticians, data-base analysts, mechanical engineers, medical doctors, software engineers) who must be able to communicate and work together. Now the requirements are long, insist on particular brand names and versions down to the third level, and listed in combinations appropriate for 3 or 4 different employees (e.g. software product developer, data-base admin, sys admin, pre-sales support). They focus on buzz-words, not abilities and knowledge.

The irony of the hyper-credentialism and over-specificity of requirements is that most of the "skills" are things that any savvy US pro could pick up in between a couple hours and a couple weeks from scratch, but many tend to have experience with very similar tools which would greatly shorten their learning curves.

There's a lot less emphasis on nuts and bolts science and engineering, and more on bidness, accounting, massive data-bases, privacy violation schemes...

Judging from the jobs advertised, there's much more bodyshopping (contingent, contract, consulting, temp, services, bidness process services) and far less real employment (long-term employment designing, developing and improving great software products).

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:47 p.m.

American engineers have to get organized and get politicians (not just Durbin) to demand justice. Best, Don Bauder

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FedUpAmerican March 10, 2011 @ 1:35 p.m.

I'll tell you what. It's clear that there is a real shortage of qualified and affordable managers in America, including Qualcomm, seeing how Wall Street banks and Main Street manufacturers performed, over the last ten years at least. So, while we are at it, let's also use the H-1B visa program to replace all these totally overrated, overpaid, and greedy CEO's or managers, with their cheaper counterparts from China, India, Japan, or elsewhere. They are no more indispensible or irreplaceable than the domestic American engineers, especially when management skills have become similar across nations in the globalized economy. You think then the management of American tech companies such as Qualcomm would push for more H-1B visa workers, if they too could (and should) be replaced by foreign managers? Of course not!

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SurfPuppy619 March 10, 2011 @ 1:48 p.m.

Excellent post FedUp, they love this H-1B Visa garbage as long as they are not the ones taking it in the shorts.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:49 p.m.

Good idea. Replace the worthless Wall Streeters with cheap foreign labor. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:25 a.m.

That’s already happening. I was at Toyota headquarters in Torrance last year and 15% of the employees were Japanese and Chinese nationals on visas. It’s not just engineers anymore, they come over for any job on visas. Heard about our nurse shortage? At many hospitals you'll find (contract) Filipinos on H-1B visas. It’s like the Wild West anymore, the DOL laws are just not enforced.

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Laurette March 10, 2011 @ 2:15 p.m.

I was just reading about the number of aliens who are illegally entering the US. They are "OTMs". That is "other than Mexicans". Specifically, the increase in the number of illegals coming in from Middle-Eastern or South Asia countries is causing concern. The article I read was talking about aliens arriving without a visa. What most people don't know is that there are hundreds upon hundreds of aliens in California who have entered with a legally - but entirely fraudulently - obtained visa. In effect the jobs don't exist. The aliens work in government, medicine, science, transportation - across the spectrum of industries in California but at skill levels other than what their visa petitions state. How did this happen? There is basically no review of the H-1B businesses, or the occupations in which the aliens are to work. I worked with the alien labor certification program for 30 years, and I know this to be true. It would not be a surprise to me if the next incident of jihad activity in California was caused by an H-1B alien. But you know what, that detail is likely to be one that is covered over in the interest of political correctness.

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sd_engineer March 10, 2011 @ 4:54 p.m.

Actually the Pakistani national who tried to blow up a car in Times Square that was packed with explosives came to the US and worked on a H-1B Visa. Not to portray the vast majority of hard working immigrants who work in this country on a H-1B as terrorists, but you have a good point that the H-1B Visa program can be easily exploited by "bad guys" (of the non CEO variety).

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:52 p.m.

I was not aware of that. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:51 p.m.

Your assertion deserves more research. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 12, 2011 @ 12:07 p.m.

Unfortunately it's a little reported fact that there are "grey market" companies that provide many illegal services to those on Visas.

I know this first hand as one of my Indian friends (Green Card holder) told me about someone that he knew that paid a bunch of money to one of these companies so that she could come to this country and land a marketing job that paid $70k/yr. She had no experience in this field and this company gave her a doctored resume and coached her on what to say to interview questions. When he told me this story he said, "America is such a great country!". I suppose to some it is impressive that in the US someone could come in and in 6 months land a $70k/yr job with no experience, but it does show how broken the system is and unless corrected will harm us all.

In another instance, an unstable engineer that I worked with who was on an H-1B was terminated after threatening the life of the CEO. A police report was filed and we had armed guards stationed in the building for months after-wards. According to H-1B policy he was supposed to have left the country, but he paid money to another company so that it looked like he was employed. After about 9 months of looking he landed a job in the Bay Area working for Broadcom.

Some of these shenanigans are starting to become public though. The "Sham U" in Pleasanton is a case in point.
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/ap_on_re_us/us_university_immigration_fraud

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:29 p.m.

That is a frightening tale. But you could have the same scenario with an American engineer who is off the beam. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 2:04 p.m.

To be sure, mental illness crosses all groups. My point though was to show how people are able to utilize the services of these grey market companies to falsify employment records (among other things). I'm on the outside looking in, but even still I've seen several instances first-hand, I imagine that it runs much deeper than we know which would buttress the comments by Laurette.

It's also worthwhile to point out that the H1B Visa is curiously devoid of tracking information so that nobody knows how many people are in this country at any one time on a H1B. There is reason to believe that this tracking information was purposefully removed by the corporate lobby in order to hide the large numbers that are working in the US on this Visa, numbers which if made public would destroy their claims of a labor shortage. This is a huge security loophole which goes back to the point that Laurette was making that the H1B Visa can be easily exploited by bad guys.

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SurfPuppy619 March 14, 2011 @ 4:27 p.m.

It's also worthwhile to point out that the H1B Visa is curiously devoid of tracking information so that nobody knows how many people are in this country at any one time on a H1B. There is reason to believe that this tracking information was purposefully removed by the corporate lobby in order to hide the large numbers that are working in the US on this Visa

40% of ALL proposed legislation, and 60% of all PASSED legislation is written by special interest groups, not the Congress.

Of course they hid the total numbers.

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SurfPuppy619 March 14, 2011 @ 4:35 p.m.

In another instance, an unstable engineer that I worked with who was on an H-1B was terminated after threatening the life of the CEO. A police report was filed and we had armed guards stationed in the building for months after-wards.

I think it is pretty funny, and conduct that can be expected when dealing with dirtbag CEO's when some of the H-1B visa fraud comes to light, a little street corner justice so to speak.

But if there was a legit threat then the H-1B visa clown would have been deported for making terrorist threats, not to mention personal protection orders levied against him.

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 7:17 p.m.

The threat was direct. Not sure why he wasn't deported. I have read that there is a lot of street corner justice in India. Here is an example just recently: http://news.wooeb.com/NewsStory.aspx?ID=698788

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:52 a.m.

My mother also worked in alien certification in her career with the State of California working in the Human Resources Development and later (name change by Gov. Ronald Reagan) the EDD. We have talked about this subject many times. Your comments mirror what she described.

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mridolf March 10, 2011 @ 8:10 p.m.

I would like to know the exact work title of Pellis. If he (or she) is a line engineer, a working design engineer, that was hired by Qualcomm in an engineering interview, then he has credibility. But if he is a 'manager', or a person working in HR, or anyplace else besides design engineering, his word is questionable.

Anecdote time here. I worked for a small, woman owned, aerospace contracting firm, in San Diego, for 11 years. I was hired by them right out of SDSU, with my BS in electrical engineering, from a campus interview. By the mid 1990's it was obvious the business was shrinking. I was let go in 1995, along with both of my supervisors. All three of us let go on the same day. Ahh, but there's the catch. They were 'engineering managers', not just 'engineers'. They both got jobs with Qualcomm. I couldn't even get an interview. One of them even told me he didn't have to know anything about the technology he was being hired to manage. Seriously.

I meandered around San Diego, getting part time jobs, going for interviews. My BSEE degree might have gotten me in a few doors, but without specific experience designing the specific items the companies interviewed me for, I was sunk. I finally got a job up north working my physical butt off as a field engineer, sort of a glorified technician. But that turned out to be a good thing. I now have 12 years in the electrical power service industry, and I love it. I moved back to San Diego 2 years ago. I work for a large, international company. But I work out of my house. I do not need to work for a San Diego company to live here, now.

I've read so much about the H-1B over the years. I know it's a corporate scam. If Qualcomm worked with our local engineering schools (SDSU, UCSD, USD) providing internships for engineering students, they could get just as many quality engineers as their Indian agencies. But why bother. Probably not cost effective.

A final anecdote; when I was having a hard time finding a job in San Diego, I wrote my then US Representative, complaining about all the H-1B visas, outlining my citizenship, my tour of duty in the US Army, my self-financed degree from SDSU (with the $342 a month help from the GI Bill), and part-time student work at NAS North Island. His office wrote back and literally said the Congressman was 'not interested' in the subject of my letter.

Guess who that Congressman was. Right, good ol' Duke Cunningham. I still break into a big grin whenever I think of him rotting in prison.

Kepp up the Good writing Don. I love your stuff.

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Don Bauder March 10, 2011 @ 8:55 p.m.

Yours is an intriguing and tragic story. I hope things have gone better since the experience in the 1990s. Best, Don Bauder

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pellis March 10, 2011 @ 9:32 p.m.

My official title is "Senior Engineer." I graduated from UCSD in '04 and was hired at Qualcomm at the level "Engineer" in '05 after having worked for a small startup that was not paying me wages commiserate with my degree. I do not manage people and I do not have much interest in managing until my career demands it.

I assure you that there is a good sized group of people who work at Qualcomm from UCSD. I bet if someone were to look through the statistics of which universities Qualcomm hires from most commonly, you'd see a range of schools from a lot of the top universities in the CS/CE/EE field.

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 11, 2011 @ 12:06 a.m.

I am very skeptical that pellis is "a US born citizen working for Qualcomm." On the Internet, you can claim anything you want. Men can claim to be women. There are quite a few 40-plus male FBI agents preventing to be 15-year-old girls on Craigslist. By the way, have you seen the NBC's show "The Mole?" He could be one of them.

First of all, his postings seem "doctored" to me. Nobody says "Disclosure: I am a US born citizen working for Qualcomm." If you read detective stories or work in law enforcement, this is a big NO. Unless you are guilty of something, you don't try to say that you are not guilty before you even say a word. That is the mark of a guilty person.

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Don Bauder March 11, 2011 @ 8:01 a.m.

I am sure there are plenty of U.S. born citizens working for Qualcomm. Nobody is claiming that the company only hires H-1Bs. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 11, 2011 @ 12:22 p.m.

Unless you are guilty of something, you don't try to say that you are not guilty before you even say a word.

Please. You are making wild, speculative, unsupported claims that have no basis in fact or reality. Do you have any data to back up your claim?? No, you don't. In the legal system you ALWAYS disclose ANYTHING that may be viewed as a conflict, that does not mean you're bogus. I took issue with some of pellis comments too, but I looked at the merits of the claim, not some non-material disclosure comment. So what if he said he was a US citizen, big deal. What does thta have to do with the porice of eggs?

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pellis March 11, 2011 @ 1:41 p.m.

I put the statement at the beginning of my post primarily to inform any potential readers of the inherent bias in my post. The last thing I want to do is shill.

I'd be happy to prove my citizenship to anyone interested in verifying it as long as it's not too large a burden.

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Don Bauder March 11, 2011 @ 7:58 a.m.

That is encouraging, if true. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:06 a.m.

Spoken like a champion dog! Best, Don Bauder

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DX March 10, 2011 @ 11:39 p.m.

"2 yrs. Experience in Multimedia testing – 1+ yrs. Experience in Feature testing".

Really??? That's a gut buster. It is so very kind and generous of guilt tripping corporate America to provide work improving the social status and fortunes of those from the lower castes in India.

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Don Bauder March 11, 2011 @ 8:04 a.m.

The ads make it look that way. Best, Don Bauder

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jcsuperstar March 11, 2011 @ 7:42 p.m.

When I taught in one of a local university's science departments in the 1980s, there were an obvious admission bias toward foreign students, particularly in the graduate programs. Well, it wasn't entirely clear how much was a genuine bias though as a lot of American students were drawn to studying law (thanks a lot LA Law) and finance as trendy majors.

Out in the private sector (government contractor), there was a gradual insurgence of H-1Bs in the wake of Reagan's SDI contract frenzy. They were even rolling the dice trying to get security clearances for some of the hired foreigners. Good old boys were being pushed to the side or up through the management chain (when retention was considered favorable) to make way for the cheap and dedicated H-1Bs.

People have to realize that the foreign students come often at their governments' expenses (paying much higher tuition and fees that the colleges adore) and are dedicated to what appears fanatical to American students who, in turn, look lazy with poor priorities (often actually an accurate assessment). The foreign students don't have failure as an option.

Likewise, I do suspect that some of the H-1Bs in the workforce operate in a similar mode, perhaps with similar motivations sometimes. They do work like indentured servants with a high tolerance for massive uncompensated overtime. There are also odd dynamics when you have one on a team as opposed to a majority of H-1Bs on a project, particularly form the same nation.

We do definitely need more engineers and scientists in this country than we have today. That doesn't mean we do not have any that are quite qualified and good workers who are unemployed. I know a good number who are unemployable or underemployed simply because of their ages and levels of experience. If you are an American scientist or engineer over 40 with a PhD, it is a VERY rough market right now.

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Don Bauder March 12, 2011 @ 6:24 a.m.

And SHOULD it be a tough market for an American over 40 with a PhD? Best, Don Bauder

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 11:39 a.m.

Not if the American employers didn't get away with illegal, non-job-related, age (or other) discrimination when hiring or firing, too often, and the federal government enforced their own lofty EEO laws. But, alas, we already know that America would've been in a much better shape in every way, if it cocnsistently enforced even half of its regulations properly, don't we? And let's not forget that some of the best scientific inventions or discoveries were made by people over 40 in age - some even well over 40, in fact - which the current employers conveniently forget. Nor do I buy the nonsense that older workers, especially engineers, are intellectually incapable of grasping or adapting to the rapid pace of modern technology. I can cite Alexander Graham Bell as just one famous example that refutes this nonsense.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:33 p.m.

Age discrimination is a problem, and not just in engineering. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 2:24 p.m.

I know a good number who are unemployable or underemployed simply because of their ages and levels of experience. If you are an American scientist or engineer over 40 with a PhD, it is a VERY rough market right now.

"...because of their ages..."

LOL...you cannot be for real. That is a ridiculous comment.

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Visduh March 11, 2011 @ 8:10 p.m.

Four to five years ago, or maybe a bit longer than that, both "Vannity" and Limbaugh picked up the notion that the US needed to increase its own output of engineers by a factor of four or five. The stated reason was that we needed to "regain our competitive edge." I suppose that we might gain something with such a major change in our educational system, but it would come from a handful out of legions of unemployed or underemployed engineers, in desperation inventing something, anything, they could sell.

The bitter truth is that at that time, US industry was not employing its own recent engineering grads. My own son, a ME from the "prestigious" UCSD program was struggling to find and keep a decent job doing design engineering work. My reaction to the talk radio nostrum was, "If we cannot employ the current crop of engineers, why in the world do we need a four- or five-fold increase?" Answer: with these abuses of hiring foreigners, we do not need any more such people. We have too many, not too few, now. Until there is a sea change in regard to overseas outsourcing, our best and brightest will suffer from unemployment/underemployment, regardless of how capable, clever, and personable they may be.

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Don Bauder March 12, 2011 @ 6:28 a.m.

One problem is that neither Hannity nor Limbaugh is very intelligent. It's a sorry reflection on our society that people listen to either of them. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 2:20 p.m.

Until there is a sea change in regard to overseas outsourcing, our best and brightest will suffer from unemployment/underemployment, regardless of how capable, clever, and personable they may be.

After reading ALL the posts here basically confirming what many of us have known for a decade or more, I am positive the public is onto the H-1B scam, as well as the problems of taking our middle class, backone of America, manufacturing jobs overseas for the benefits of a few-but harming the many.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:35 p.m.

Trouble is, there are so many scams in so many fields. Best, Don Bauder

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 8:17 a.m.

Furthermore, our "Hope and Change" President Obama is adding an insult to the injury with his innovation and education mantras, I believe. He's being either utterly naive or, worse, downright misleading, by claiming that more technological innovations and more STEM graduates will put millions of Americans into work and recover American economy towards growth and prosperity. Well, hell, I'm all for technological innovations to keep America ahead, but, in reality, if the mass productions based on innovations are done overseas, like in China or India, for example, or done domestically by more H-1B visa workers from abroad, then it won't do a thing to help put millions of currently unemployed Americans back to work directly or indirectly. It will only further continue to enrich the corporate managements that have been gaining their disproportionately large benefits by already abusing the job offshoring or inshoring. In short, Innovated in America, But Made in China (or India or wherever outside the U.S.) will NOT create millions of decent-paying jobs for Americans, as Obama preaches wrongly or falsely!

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 2:17 p.m.

In short, Innovated in America, But Made in China (or India or wherever outside the U.S.) will NOT create millions of decent-paying jobs for Americans, as Obama preaches wrongly or falsely!

Ive been preaching that fact for over a decade now......good post.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:44 p.m.

This is where the concept of free trade breaks down. Best,, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 4:17 p.m.

I think a lot of people have been disappointed by Obama. But consider the alternatives...

The Dems would like us to believe that they are the party of middle America while the GOP is the party of Wall Street, but I think that it's more a case that one is wholly owned by Wall Street while the other can be bought for a price.

When I heard Obama say, "America must compete!" in the last State of The Union Message. The first thing that I thought was, how much money did the uber-rich lobby pay him to say that?". The fact that he didn't go on to say that we must remove the H1B cap, tells me that he didn't completely sell out. Wall Street wanted a sound bite and they got it though.

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Visduh March 12, 2011 @ 12:50 p.m.

FedUp, you rightly point out that this "hope and change" Prez is providing little hope for positive change or prosperity. I talk to many people who voted for him out of a disgust with "Dubya" and eight years of his inconsistent governance, and now wish they never heard of Obama. Neither party has figured out what the country needs now and neither is willing to take the necessary steps. The much-maligned Tea Party folks are closer to the mark than any other organized (if you can call them that) group.

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 2:15 p.m.

FedUp, you rightly point out that this "hope and change" Prez is providing little hope for positive change or prosperity

I voted for Obama, and had very high hopes. Same with Arnold.

Both MAJOR let downs, will not vote for Obama again, and if this depression continues he is toast.

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 2:36 p.m.

Yup, I'm with you all the way, SurfPuppy! Obama is turning out to be one, big, cruel joke of FALSE hope and FALSE change, after eight, nightmarish years of Bush that finally culminated with the Great Recession - except this ain't no joke but a harsh and painful REALITY.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:05 p.m.

Both parties are owned by Wall Street and corporations. Best, Don Bauder

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QcomGeek March 12, 2011 @ 1:07 p.m.

It seems like sour grapes effort persons who envy Qualcomm.

I am a hiring manager in Qualcomm and US citizen too ( became via naturalization).

Here are few facts.

  • Most of Qualcomm Engineers have masters degree when they join Qualcomm. I read someone arguing otherwise. Give me your facts if you think otherwise.

*Qualcomm has competitive method of hiring. We interview thousands of candidate for different positions every week all across Qualcomm for different positions and without keeping in mind their legal status. Only things kept in mind is position skill requirement.

*Qualcomm pays very competitive salaries to all the engineers. Some one argued Apple applies for less H1B please go and check the stats for last year and look for this year. Another thing apple does is get the employees from established firm like qualcomm because they are not research but consumer facing company and for them time to market is important and that means experience candidate rather than someone fresh out of school with potential.

  • Still go and check apples engineering team and if you find more than 60% asian ethnic background don't be surprised ok!!!

  • With all above facts , there are some loopholes in H1-B system which is exploited by many consultancy companies in usa and outside usa to place people and pay them less. But in the end big firms which hires consultants pay them top dollars but they get security that they can say that consultant "not required" whenever they want and don't have to give other benifits given to regular employee.

I respect all of you but most of you needs to get your facts straighten out!!!

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 2:06 p.m.

Wow, man, if you really are a naturalized U.S. citizen who landed a job as a hiring manager at Qualcomm, with so many grammatical, spelling, and punctuation errors displayed in your post, then I rest my case! (And the hiring managers tell all job applicants to be extra careful with their spelling and grammar on resumes, cover letters, applications, interviews, and follow-up letters.) But, as I am not familiar with the inside scoop of Qualcomm, I'll let those who are more familiar with Qualcomm to either support or refute your assertion in defense of that company's practice of hiring engineers.

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QcomGeek March 12, 2011 @ 2:40 p.m.

I don't get paid for my Essay writing skills!!! I get paid for my skills as algorithm developer and my teams ability to drive innovation in Wireless algorithm development.

But i guess that you won't understand!!!

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 2:46 p.m.

Oh, my bad, I guess writing skill isn't important to get a job at Qualcomm, including the one of your position, then? Gee, I always see, "excellent oral and written communication", as one of the key requirements for ANY job these days, though... Again, I rest may case.

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 7:32 p.m.

If you're a manager then you should also be getting paid for your communication skills. In fact, communication is one of the most important skills in management because it's important that key points are phrased in just the right way so that concepts, road-maps, issues, etc. aren't misinterpreted.

A CEO once told me that, "managers are one sentence away from the end of their career" and this was some of the best, even if chilling, advice that I've ever received....

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 2:14 p.m.

QcomGeek I think your telling some mighty big whoppers, especially in comparison to the views of so many others here.

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sd_engineer March 12, 2011 @ 6:04 p.m.

"It seems like sour grapes effort persons who envy Qualcomm."

"Sour grapes"? Of course! Every STEM worker, whether American citizen or Green Card holder should be outraged that while millions of engineering/IT jobs have been outsourced, that there has simultaneously been a flood of skilled immigration designed to depress wages. As bad as it is now, it's only going to get worse because of the Wall Street/GOP push to remove the H-1B quota completely and institute a, "demand based Visa" system. But "Envy of Qualcomm?", umn sorry but no.

"Most of Qualcomm Engineers have masters degree when they join Qualcomm. I read someone arguing otherwise. Give me your facts if you think otherwise".

That was me, unfortunately it seems as though you completely missed my point that I was referring to H-1Bs that are being actively recruited and brought to San Diego.

"Some one argued Apple applies for less H1B please go and check the stats for last year and look for this year.".

Done. Apple is a much larger company than Qcom with a market cap of $324B vs Qualcomm's $88B and it employs about 3x as many people (46,600 vs 12,500), this according to Yahoo finance. You would think that all other things being equal that they would also be a larger consumer of H-1Bs. So far in 2011 Qcom has petitioned for 472 H-1Bs (ranked 8th), vs Apples 175 (ranked 45th). From 2000-20010 Qcom ranks 17th with 6224 vs Apple at rank 123 with 1930. This is all public information posted on myvisajobs.com It's interesting that 2010 Visa numbers do not seem to be available on myvisajobs.com, but the numbers for every other year are available and in all of those years that I checked, Qualcomm ranked heads and shoulders above Apple with respect to Visa petitions.

If in fact 2010 was the only year that Apple surpassed Qualcomm in Visa petitions then this would appear to show a deliberate attempt on your part to cloud the facts.

Incidentally, I don't condone Apple's hiring of the 1,930 H-1Bs that they have over the past 10 years, but it's a lot easier to tolerate 1,930 H-1B petitions relative to a total staff of 46,600 (Apple) than it is the shocking 6,220 H-1B petitions relative to a total staff of only 12,500 (Qualcomm). These numbers are outrageous and why everyone who works in a STEM field, including Green Card holders and newly minted H-1Bs should be worried about their future.

"Another thing apple does is get the employees from established firm like qualcomm because they are not research but consumer facing company and for them time to market is important and that means experience candidate rather than someone fresh out of school with potential."

Would you really have us believe this?

"I respect all of you but most of you needs to get your facts straighten out!!!"

I respect you too, but I think that you should take your own advice to heart...

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ImJustABill March 13, 2011 @ 9:16 a.m.

So do you have any sources/references for your data?

I would suggest that you provide some sources for your data before you go on a rant challenging others to disprove your data.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:08 p.m.

I wish Qualcomm would have given me such answers when I requested them. Best,, Don Bauder

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jcsuperstar March 12, 2011 @ 3:08 p.m.

This is but one of a hundred symptoms of the overall disease. Through the tight integration of corporation in government, at all levels, there has been an institutionalization of an underchallenged claim. The claim is that the fiduciary mandate for public companies to operate solely in the best interests of shareholders' value is the ultimate virtue of feee enterprise AND that this perversion of the free market is consistent with the founding principles of this nation. I think the problem in dscrediting it is that there is little overall coordination on the central problem. The efforts are myopically focused as if we are still busting the trusts of the late 19th century and exposing single threads of politcal corruption. You cannot slay the beast by cutting its toenails.

The other problem is that the second you raise an objection to any aspect of this juggernaut's practices and principles, you are labeled a Socialist or a Communist by the Fox loonies or even more interesting the actually virtuous labels of Progressive or Liberal.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:37 p.m.

I started in financial journalism in 1964. I can tell you that at that time, corporations were NOT run only for the benefit of Wall Street and the stock market. Back then, corporations considered their communities, employees, and vendors as important constituencies. Accounting was relatively clean. This mentality was erased in the 1980s. Best, Don Bauder

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Indian_H1B March 12, 2011 @ 3:49 p.m.

As an H-1B, I completely agree that indentured servitude is a huge dynamic (or should I say 'static' given the inherent inertia?) of the H-1B program. That said, H-1Bs are hired by firms ranging from the best employers to the worst. The latter is dominated by what are called 'IT bodyshops'. As an Indian, it's quite shameful to admit, but a statistically significant number of these sweatshops are run by Indians (who may have greencards or naturalized as Americans but are absolutely Indian as concerns their identities) who employ Indians (less fortunate H-1B/OPT types). It is this group that America should completely weed out and nuke.

I had the pleasure of going to some pretty darn good engineering schools, and I can tell you that Qualcomm hires H-1Bs with grad degrees from the higher ranked schools. All my H-1B friends there have been making 6 digits for a while now. Qualcomm is also quite nice with the greencard process (any employer that's "nice" about the greencard process is one that does not use the system to retain you for as long as possible by running your case through the slowest meat grinder).

In contrast, I worked for another company that was a pretty good place to be, but was not "nice" about the greencard process. They ran my case through the slowest channel (notwithstanding a couple of graduate degrees that would have allowed me to get my greencard in 2-3 years). After 7 years of having my progress stunted by the fact that promoting me would put me in a position not matching the one in my greencard application from 2003, I just gave up and resigned.

I now work at arguably the most innovative company in the US (I am in my early 30s and make 175+ here and was making 125+ at my old employer). I still am on an H-1B some 8 years after I started working following grad school. I don't think I was underpaid before and I don't think I am underpaid now. Due to the way the greencard process is structured, I may need to go and join at the back of line. Then again, with some luck, my profile may qualify me for a different category which would get me a greencard in a few months. My new employer is being very helpful to ensure the best outcome for me.

If after all this, I am forced to leave the US since my greencard runs ashore due a very broken legal immigration system, I think I will be fine. I love the US more for the intellectual stimulation I enjoyed and the friends I made here than anything else. But a broken immigration system makes some fairly valuable people jump through hoops even as others (IT bodyshops, who else) run roughshod over the rules and get away with near murder. I'll just look for nice opportunities in India or a few other places that will likely have me (Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, all of Europe) depending on where I can effectively pursue my passion.

My bottomline: The US is a phenomenal country with a not-so-phenomenal immigration system.

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 5:06 p.m.

I now work at arguably the most innovative company in the US (I am in my early 30s and make 175+ here

That is a LOT of dough, I might have to see a W-2 to believe it though.

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 10:19 p.m.

Indian_H1B, thanks for chiming in and confirming the shameful indentured servitude issue. I'm also sad to say that I've seen the Indian exploiting Indian dynamic that you've described. This is something that I wasn't able to understand then or now. I suppose it's probably no different from the cannibalistic policies that US companies are following that have harmed everyone while enriching the top 2%.

I'm also sorry to hear that you've personally been treated poorly by the system. 8 years on a H1B is ridiculous and a good example where the system is broken. As I've stated before I think that we should welcome the true best and the brightest and for these people it's demeaning to require them to jump through hoops and paperwork for the better part of a decade.

You mentioned that you make $175K+ per year and a little over what those in your category make according to Glassdoor. This would put you at close to the peak for engineering jobs. Probably Director or PE level.

If so then I hate to break it to you, but you're exactly the group that Corporate America most likes to target for cost cutting. Once you get your Green Card I hope that you take a look around and see what is happening and contact your representative requesting that companies do something to advance the STEM fields, which means putting an end to the musical chairs game of massive outsourcing and insourcing of jobs.

You also mentioned that other H1Bs at Qualcomm that you know are all making over $100K. According to myvisa.com, the average H1B salary at Qualcomm is just shy of $100K and well below the $134K salary of the average tech salary at Qualcomm (according to the numbers that Don posted in a previous article). Note that this doesn't include the rock bottom H1B salaries that Qualcomm is paying through job shop companies such as Mindlance.

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 11:33 p.m.

Also just to add one thing to Indian-H1B, you mentioned that you would like to work at a startup. Be prepared for a shock. Salaries at startups have dropped significantly. One VP of engineering (Indian) at a successful startup told me recently that, "there are so many engineers available now that I see no need to hire anyone over $100k."

Many C-level executives at start-ups are topping out at $200k. You could get hired as a C-level, but most of them come from a finance/MBA background.

Your only hope of getting a fraction of what you're making now outside of Qualcomm would probably be to start your own company.

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Visduh March 12, 2011 @ 4:10 p.m.

These last few posts reveal some true contrasts. QcomGeek may just be a hoax, a piece of satire, a spoof if you will. But I don't think so. He/she is serious, and with that mangling of the language, does more to prove the point of all this story and a hundred comments so far. Those errors all look (sound) like someone whose first language is Chinese, or some other Asian tongue.

FedUpAmerican sure had it right when he/she commented on the contrast between what we are told about needing literacy to get and hold a job, and the skills not displayed by Geek.

But then Indian_H1B writes a thoughtful and very literate piece that does support many of the allegations made about the abuse of the system, and makes me think that if Qualcomm loses him, we all lose. He loves the US, he says, not for the money or the overall richness, but because of its intellectual stimulation. And he feels sure that he can go elsewhere and live the good life. With that attitude, he'll probably be able to do just that. What a contrast with Geek, who shows he can't take criticism for his butchery of our language. Ah, gee!

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SurfPuppy619 March 12, 2011 @ 5:11 p.m.

He loves the US, he says, not for the money or the overall richness, but because of its intellectual stimulation.

Visduh- I wonder if he/she would be saying they don't do it for the money if they were making the CA median salary of $33k per year? Or even double at $66K per year?

It is easy to claim you're not doing it for the money if you're making the amount of $$$ he/she claims.

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Indian_H1B March 12, 2011 @ 5:25 p.m.

I think the best professionals love what they do and money follows them because they do it well. My salary on my new job is higher because I moved to one of the coasts and had previously worked in the mid-west. I did check glassdoor and found that I am being paid about 5-10% higher than others in the same position; so nothing to roll your eyes about.

That the H-1B is flawed is beyond question. But there is often a tendency to shoot the messenger. A lot of the people here hate all H-1Bs. The second kind of people I find in these H-1B bashing contests are people who are not in love with STEM. They are smart enough to have gotten degrees in them, but they don't have the passion for it. Some of my best colleagues over the years have indeed been American (born and raised) scientists and engineers. They were not imported like the rest of us. They are studs because they are relentlessly enthused by STEM. So while I spent considerable parts of my teenage years cramming for a uber-hard entrance exam to get into a school where success was predicated on my ability to regurgitate, these stud friends of mine were spending 16 hours a day either coding crack video games or performing wicked experiments in a high school lab knowing that MIT or Stanford would come calling when the time was right. I won't be surprised if I have to play catch-up for another 20 years to be as good as them.

I can assure you that these studs are not spending time bashing H-1Bs.

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FedUpAmerican March 12, 2011 @ 7:03 p.m.

I can assure you that these studs are not spending time bashing H-1Bs.


Trust me, they will, if their jobs, too, were threatened by H-1B visa workers. And I'd bet that Indian engineers in India are certainly no more comfortable about foreign engineers coming to take their jobs.

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 10:56 p.m.

"I think the best professionals love what they do and money follows them because they do it well. "

I think that this is wishful thinking. But then again, you've only been here for 8 years. Given more time I think that you will see it too. Unfortunately the industry is still changing rapidly. With a $175K salary you might in fact see it sooner than others.

"A lot of the people here hate all H-1Bs. The second kind of people I find in these H-1B bashing contests are people who are not in love with STEM. They are smart enough to have gotten degrees in them, but they don't have the passion for it. "

For the most part, the comments that I've read here have been pretty civilized. Hatred of H-1Bs is something that I don't agree with and don't condone, but I do understand it. It's human nature for people to react that way when their their livelihoods have been jeopardized. Granted it's Corporate Greed that is the culprit, but to them, make no mistake - you're not the messenger.

"I can assure you that these studs are not spending time bashing H-1Bs."

This is exactly the sort of cop-out that the Corporate lobby loves to see. "Just keep them busy working with their heads down so that they can't see what's really going on". I don't expect a "stud" to bash H-1Bs, but I do expect them to be to be smart enough to recognize when their chosen profession is simultaneously being exploited and decimated at their expense.

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Visduh March 12, 2011 @ 8:03 p.m.

Here I am being an old fogey. Somewhere in this exchange someone, I think it was our Indian friend, comes up with the term "stud." That can mean many things, but I don't see any definition that is pertinent to this "discussion." To me "stud" can mean different things in differing contexts. But most of them aren't used in polite conversation, and most carry a raunchy sexual tone. So, what does our commenter Indian_H1B mean when he/she uses the term "stud"? Curious minds want to know.

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sd_engineer March 12, 2011 @ 9:22 p.m.

Stud is actually a pretty common term to denote someone who is really good at what they do, but in a non-sexual way.

See the first definition here: http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=stud

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Don Bauder March 12, 2011 @ 10 p.m.

NOTE: When I hit "Reply," I am getting nothing. I will have to answer these posts later. Best, Don Bauder

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 12, 2011 @ 10:24 p.m.

Indian_H1B wrote: "The US is a phenomenal country with a not-so-phenomenal immigration system."

Because of their own self-interest, most H-1Bs forget the interests of American citizens and the U.S. What is good for a multinational corporations that want to maximize their profits using cheap foreign labor doesn't mean that it's good for American citizens or the U.S. If he thinks the American immigration system is not-so-phenomenal, try to get a job as a foreigner in Japan or Germany, his chance of getting a work visa is extremely low. Because these countries care about their citizens, they put their own citizens above everyone else and that should be done in the U.S. Unfortunately our Senators and Congressmen/woman have been bought by corporate interests and they behave more like corporate prostitutes rather than our representatives.

"I can assure you that these studs are not spending time bashing H-1Bs."

Really? Wait until they are over 40 and unemployed and try to get a job from an Indian manager who want to bring over his friends and relatives whose qualifications for the job is questionable. I am sure these studs are also jumping up and down complaining about the H-1Bs because it has nothing to do with technical knowledge, it's all about age and ethnic discrimination.

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QcomGeek March 13, 2011 @ 5:14 a.m.

It seems like everyone here thinks big companies just hire H1Bs out of china/another asian countries with bachelors degree .

Someone argues in my previous post that communication is big asset. Agreed but not at cost of technical knowledge. If guy has decent communication skills and great technical skills for particular job , he is going to be selected.

And all those who says they have right in this country, this country is country of immigrant. Only native indian american can lay the claim of their country!!!

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SurfPuppy619 March 13, 2011 @ 10:33 a.m.

And all those who says they have right in this country, this country is country of immigrant.

Ridculous comment.

No foreign national has any "right" to come here and work. If they were not born here then too bad. We have the "right" to put OUR citizens first.

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FedUpAmerican March 13, 2011 @ 10:39 a.m.

And all those who says they have right in this country, this country is country of immigrant. Only native indian american can lay the claim of their country!!!


Well, yes and no. Yes, USA is a country of immigrants, like ANY country on this hemisphere. But, let's face it, it's a country founded by the European settlers and built largely by them and their descendants for THEMSELVES foremostly. And as the majority that, at least for now and for the foreseeable future, owns and controls it, it is strictly THEIR prerogative to control immigration as they see fit, as it is with ANY other country controlled by whoever. In fact, most non-European Americans, i.e., blacks, Latinos, and Asians who have been here for a while agree that further immigration and guest work to America should be restricted, especially during this harsh economic downturn. I myself am a 1.5 gen immigrant from Korea whose family (legally) immigrated to America when I was just a kid - and we were not sponsored by close relatives or employers as immigrants, by the way. Do I still feel that some ethnic discrimination exists in America? Absolutely! However, that's completely different from whether I believe that America or, to be more specific, the majority Americans - be they whites, blacks, Latinos, or whoever - have the right to limit the number of immigrants or H-1B guest workers, which I definitely DO. I mean, just because the U.S. is a country of immigrants doesn't mean that it should or must have an open-door policy to let just any and all immigrants in, despite the fact that it already has the most lax immigration policy in the world, does it? And, as for the Native Americans whom you mentioned, they are conquered people and, in any case, I seriously doubt that they would welcome the "intruders" from India or China or wherever any more than their ancestors welcomed the Europeans. Again, USA is a country founded and built by the English and other Europeans, not by the Native Americans.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:38 p.m.

Your own bias is showing. It should be "he or she" or "she or he."

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Indian_H1B March 13, 2011 @ 10:55 a.m.

When I say the immigration system is not phenomenal, America's overall good is the yardstick being used. Canada and the UK have moved toward a more objective way of measuring an immigrant's worth and they have eliminated any tethers of indentured servitude in the immigration process. The US on the other hand is quite a ways behind in this regard.

As regards self-interest, I have found threatened American ITs display truckloads of it as compared to the H-1Bs. H-1Bs have absolutely no right to display a sense of entitlement by saying they deserve to be here. Some of that extends to the American IT guys who complain a lot. Many take the "divine right of the womb" (thanks, Warren Buffet) a little too seriously when they say: "America is for Americans." That kind of jingoism is passe.

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FedUpAmerican March 13, 2011 @ 10:59 a.m.

And please tell us that India brings in as many foreign guest workers as the U.S. or, better, that its immigration policy is at least as good as that of USA. I don't believe you can, in all honesty! And don't tell me that Indians don't believe that India is for Indians.

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Indian_H1B March 13, 2011 @ 11:11 a.m.

Assuming this is all a game of "quid pro quo" is naivete at its extreme. India's per capita income is some 1/40th of the US's. Comparing India and the US is apples to oranges.

Am I proud of India's foreign policy? Absolutely not! But I am more NOT proud of a variety of other things such as abject poverty in my native land. Worrying about whether India has a visa program for Americans is trying to boil the ocean.

We are focused on what's good for America and whether there is potential symbiosis in bringing in professionals from outside. In the context of this article, we are zooming in on San Diego as a specific geography of interest. Let's stay within the boundaries of that discussion.

I don't believe I have to be a patriot to be a good man and a good professional. I love India for many things and love the US for many things. My objective to do as many challenging things as possible when I am young and save up to give back to the various societies that made me when I am old.

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FedUpAmerican March 13, 2011 @ 11:45 a.m.

India's per capita income is some 1/40th of the US's. Comparing India and the US is apples to oranges.


You'd be surprised how many unemployed American professionals would like to go to India on a teporary work visa, now, as long as they are paid the livable wages comparable to their native Indian peers. They'd probably welcome the experience until they can return to the States when their job prospects improve.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:40 p.m.

And when will those job prospects improve? Best, Don Bauder

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Indian_H1B March 13, 2011 @ 7:23 p.m.

If anyone is considering it, I would not recommend it. You have no idea how good you have it here with a compassionate unemployment insurance system and a host of other civic goodies.

If I go back, I'll do fine because I have a few hundred loved ones and close friends. I will heavily rely on them until I can rehabilitate myself away from the logic of the US to the chaos of India.

India is the kind of place that's absolutely charming to visit and absolutely challenging to live in unless you have a zillion social support structures.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:58 p.m.

It would be great if jingoism were passe. But it's not. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:27 p.m.

The major factor is corporate greed. Best, Don Bauder

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 13, 2011 @ 9:58 a.m.

"And all those who says they have right in this country, this country is country of immigrant. Only native indian american can lay the claim of their country!!!

Every country (except for a country in Africa) is a country of immigrant (not just the US) if you go back far enough because human sapiens come from Africa (if you don't believe me, take a DNA test).

If the citizens of other countries have right regarding immigration, what make you think that Americans shouldn't have this right?

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:31 p.m.

Homo sapiens arose in Africa. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 11:58 a.m.

Or take a class in physical anthropology.

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ImJustABill March 13, 2011 @ 10:11 a.m.

One point that I think may have been missed is that the H1-B system gives big companies like Qualcomm a big advantage over startups.

For the most part, foreign engineers are reluctant to work at startups and would prefer the stable employment and large immigration legal staff of a large company.

I would also say that this point means that it defies all common sense to suggest that a foreign H1-B engineer is paid as well as an American citizen counterpart with similar skills.

Granted, QCOM has a reputation of giving frequent and large raises - but ultimately prices (including labor prices) are based on supply and demand.

Prices are based on supply and demand. There is a greater supply of jobs for engineers with permanent legal status than for foreign H1-B engineers because many jobs are not practical alternatives. An H1-B engineer cannot go jumping from job to job to turn up their pay if they are underpaid.

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Indian_H1B March 13, 2011 @ 11:01 a.m.

Spot on, sir. If H-1Bs were not tethered to an employer, you would see more of them join start-ups. That would also ensure that H-1Bs were more of a factor in founding job-creating enterprises instead of working for large corporations. Mark Zuckerberg would likely have said "H-1 what?" when Facebook was 50 people strong. Now, at a few thousand employees, I suspect Facebook is quite familiar with the program.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 5:45 p.m.

H-1B gives companies like Qualcomm a leg up on startups, and also on big competitors. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 13, 2011 @ 10:36 a.m.

but ultimately prices (including labor prices) are based on supply and demand

And bringing over hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals increases the supply and drives down domestic wages and compensation- you do know that I hope.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:01 p.m.

You can make a good case that H-1B drives down average ages as well as average salaries. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 7:08 p.m.

276,000 people a year averaging about mid-20 something would tend to do that. Unfortunately it also bubbles up so that those in management are also very young and relatively inexperienced. People tend to be intimidated by others with more experience so they tend to hire people that are younger and less experienced than themselves. Dr. Matloff wrote a good article about the problem that was pretty much dead on.

Unfortunately this hurts software execution because those who are in the best position to help are those who have seen various development practices applied across different companies and industries. These sorts of skills aren't learned in school and come with experience. But the H1B dynamic that has pushed down ages means that those with experience are the ones that the system will most want to cast aside.

In fact I heard a first-hand example from an experienced engineer who felt underutilized at Qualcomm. He was working on a project that was in complete disarray. He spoke to his line manager and said that he knows how it should work because of his experience at other companies. His manager told him bluntly that, "experience outside of Qualcomm means nothing". This person also told me that because of Qualcomm's promote from within philosophy, that "experience outside means nothing, but experience within Qualcomm is everything".

Interesting company culture...

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ImJustABill March 13, 2011 @ 10:38 a.m.

I think that there are a lot of good reasons for the U.S. to want to attract highly intelligent and educated scientists and engineers to the U.S.

I think that temporary programs, e.g. H1-B program is the wrong way to do this.

A technical professional who comes to the U.S. for temporary employment, then returns to his/her home country, is exporting technological and business expertise from the U.S. to other countries. This fosters technological development in other countries which directly compete with the U.S.

I think that the H1-B program should be eliminated but that the number of openings for permanent residency and citizenship for highly skilled technical professionals should be increased by the same number of engineers that were coming over on H1-B visas.

Essentially, I think U.S. policy should discourage short term employment of foreign nationals which largely serves to export U.S. technological expertise. U.S. policy should strongly encourage immigration of highly skilled and educated technology workers who intend to make the U.S. their permanent home.

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FedUpAmerican March 13, 2011 @ 10:53 a.m.

I think that the H1-B program should be eliminated but that the number of openings for permanent residency and citizenship for highly skilled technical professionals should be increased by the same number of engineers that were coming over on H1-B visas.

*********&*

Highly unlikely, Bill, as that would eliminate the unfair advantage for the companies that benefit from the de facto indentured servitude which the H-1B visa allows to them. Besides, my guess (as I have no hard proof) is that many, if not most, H-1B visa workers end up as permanent residents and citizens, anyway.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:31 p.m.

H-1B will not be eliminated as long as both political parties are owned by Wall Street and American corporations. Best, Don Bauder

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SiliconValleyEngineer March 13, 2011 @ 10:19 p.m.

"the H1-B program should be eliminated but that the number of openings for permanent residency and citizenship for highly skilled technical professionals should be increased by the same number of engineers that were coming over on H1-B visas."

I respectfully disagree. Most H-1Bs are very average (I work with many of them), I don't see any reason why the U.S. should give green cards to these average H-1Bs. The number should be decreased drastically so that only the top 5% of the current foreign engineers can be admitted to work in the U.S and then given green card. This would decrease the supply of engineers in the U.S. and it will encourage American students to study a STEM career because the job prospect would be better.

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:12 a.m.

Your proposed solution would certainly drop supply. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:22 a.m.

Keep in mind the great scientists, physicists, and engineers who came here from other countries -- Einstein, Wernher von Braun, etc. Best, Don Bauder

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QcomGeek March 13, 2011 @ 10:50 a.m.

I agree with "ImJustABill ". Only solutions to that would be start stapling Green cards for STEM graduates from TOP US universities and allowing them freedom you all talk about.

I was making one and only one point in my all post, that it is wrong to blame QCOM and for that matter any technology company without knowing all facts. As i mentioned that H1B system has loopholes and country needs political will to close those.

QCOM for any reason is not one who is exploiting those.

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:39 p.m.

Qualcomm is one of the biggest users of and lobbyists for H-1B. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 13, 2011 @ 7:04 p.m.

I was making one and only one point in my all post, that it is wrong to blame QCOM and for that matter any technology company without knowing all facts.

And what makes you think we do not know all the facts????

Or are you the only one who knows all the facts!

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sd_engineer March 13, 2011 @ 11:29 p.m.

"Only solutions to that would be start stapling Green cards for STEM graduates from TOP US universities and allowing them freedom you all talk about."

Removing indentured servitude would be a big improvement because it would stop handcuffing employees for six+ years. Stapling a green card to every doctorate and STEM degree just exacerbates the problem though. Dr. Matloff's H1B page has some really good reasons why it would be harmful.

"I was making one and only one point in my all post, that it is wrong to blame QCOM and for that matter any technology company without knowing all facts. As i mentioned that H1B system has loopholes and country needs political will to close those.

QCOM for any reason is not one who is exploiting those. "

Here you go again telling people that they don't know the facts. But instead it's clear that you need to read up on what is happening in your adoptive country.

It's called "insourcing", the idea is that there are so many H1B Visas available that some companies that want to protect their IP while also reducing cost can import labor rather than outsource.

I read a really good article about it in IndiaTimes and I'll see if I can dig up a link. Insourcing is something that bugs many in India because they would prefer to have the jobs moved there. Incidentally, most of the best reporting on H1B issues happens in the India media because the American media is so focused on Brangelina, octo-mom and the rest...

The fact is that Qualcomm and other large tech companies that either outsource or insource are the problem because in the end all engineers pay a price. The job market is simple supply and demand economics. Reducing massive numbers of jobs via outsourcing while also bringing in 276,000 people a year on H1Bs tilts the job market firmly towards corporations. The net result is to provide a strong discouragement of America's best and brightest to enter STEM fields.

It's also interesting to point out that many Green Card friends of mine that have been in this country for awhile have seen the impacts and are worried that it's going to get worse and many of them are not encouraging their kids to get into STEM fields, but instead healthcare and other fields.

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FedUpAmerican March 14, 2011 @ 6:54 a.m.

It's too obvious that many multinational American corporations are self-serving hypocrites and traitors who defend their unpatriotic practice of outsourcing or insourcing excessive number of jobs to foreign engineers, as the American way of free commerce and trade, and accuse any protectionism that holds them responsible or accountable as "un-American", instead. And that's after they milked all the tax breaks and government subsidies that they can.

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 6:51 p.m.

Here is one of the best examples that pretty much nails the problem:

http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9169678/IBM_stops_disclosing_U.S._headcount_data?taxonomyId=60

According to the article, IBM has reduced it's US workforce from 121,000 to 92,000 in just the last 3 years at the same time it has increased the global workforce to 399,000.

"IBM is trying to convince the government to allocate funds and establish policies that would help increase the number of STEM (or science, technology, engineering and math) graduates in the U.S., and it's also calling on Washington to raise the cap on H-1B visas, said Hira. "Yet at the same time," he added, "IBM is actually decreasing its demand of that same labor."

"Hira also argues that the shift overseas makes clear how critical the tax deferral on foreign profits is to IBM's bottom line and why the company is opposing President Barack Obama's "proposal to end the tax breaks that encourage firms to move American jobs overseas," he said.

IBM was one of a long list of companies opposing changes in the tax deferral rules in a letter to congressional leaders last year. The letter argued that repeal of the deferral "will result in a loss of jobs for Americans and serious negative impacts on the U.S. economy."

Incidentally the article also says that IBM will no longer disclose US employment numbers...

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 8:12 p.m.

Incidentally, here is a great blog post that highlights the failure of most journalists to highlight the H-1B problem: http://www.itbusinessedge.com/cm/blogs/tennant/yes-we-in-the-us-media-are-lousy-at-covering-h-1b-visa-abuse/?cs=45942&page=1

"The moderate anti-H-1B voice needs to summon the courage to speak out directly and forcefully against those who poison the discussion – not just whisper disapproval behind closed doors. And we in the U.S. media need to suck it up, get off our butts and do our jobs. When the poison is drained and the media snaps out of its toxic stupor, then maybe something will be done about the H-1B problem."

I think that this article has done a good job of doing exactly what is needed. Thanks Don!

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SurfPuppy619 March 14, 2011 @ 9:17 p.m.

Lou Dobbs has been beating the H-1B visa scam drum for the at least the last 5 years, minimum....

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:04 a.m.

I have barely ever seen Dobbs. I see that he is now on Fox. That means I will never see him. Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 17, 2011 @ 8:43 a.m.

Dobbs restarted his "Lou Dobbs Tonight" show on Fox Business 4 days ago, Monday teh 14th.

Lou has dyed his hair blond and it looks very strange to say the least.

Lou has been a champion opponent of the H-1B scam and standing up for American workers for as long as I can remember.

He is A-OK in my book, I knwo Don does not care for him.

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tomjohnston March 17, 2011 @ 10:12 a.m.

Dobs lost me when he started in questioning President Obama's citizenship. Then he quits and makes some ridiculous statement about being tired of the partisanship or some such hypocritical nonsense. I'm sure that he could have found another outlet instead of fox; maybe the money was just to good. When someone mentions fox "news", I am always reminded of something that Janeane Garofalo said. When asked by an interviewer what comedy shows on tv she liked, she said she thought anything on fox "news" was funny.

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SurfPuppy619 March 17, 2011 @ 3:35 p.m.

Dobs lost me when he started in questioning President Obama's citizenship.

It's a dead issue and anyone that brings it up is shooting themselves in the foot right off the bat.

Donald Trump said in an interview-replayed on Hardball today-that he has a very SMALL amount of doubt about it-stoopid.

There is a nutjob lawyer in OC named Oily Taitz that has been sanctioned $20K over filing lawsuits challenging Obama's birth place.

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curious March 13, 2011 @ 2:38 p.m.

Could the hiring of (and the encouragement of managers to hire) H1B Visa holders be, in some way, fulfillment of a corporate contract/promise negotiated when QCOM was granted the right to advance CDMA technologies in India?

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QcomGeek March 13, 2011 @ 5:16 p.m.

That's weird way of thinking!!! As far as I remember still very very small % of Qualcomm earning is from India. China is far larger base for CDMA technology.

Truth is China and india are 2 largest country population wise and peopler study STEM there to get respected. And 10% of that graduating STEM students from india/china can flood US universities because they are good and also they pay good tuitions to US Universities compare to US Citizens.

And when those students graduates from USA they are going to compete with locals for job!!!

Go to any graduate school and find out how many US Citizens are enrolled in STEM degrees?

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:41 p.m.

I don't know those numbers. I don't know if Qualcomm releases them. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 12:31 a.m.

"That's weird way of thinking!!!"

Not a weird way of looking, it sounds as though "curious" is more tuned into Qualcomm than you are.

"Truth is China and india are 2 largest country population wise and peopler study STEM there to get respected. "

People used to study STEM fields in the US to be respected too, but that all changed when American corporations decided that they could save money by replacing "expensive" American engineers. That it required more overseas engineers to do the same work and that projects also came in late or failed was never accounted for by the Bean Counters, because most of their assessments were done in terms of cost per head.

"And 10% of that graduating STEM students from india/china can flood US universitiesAnd 10% of that graduating STEM students from india/china can flood US universities".

You're describing a scenario that would drive most Americans to conclude that protectionism is needed. The US is big population-wise but dwarfed by India and China. Last time I checked, 10% of the graduating class in India and China is about equal to the entire graduating population in America. If that's the case, why should we subsidize our schools from our taxes in order to educate so many people from China and India? That's never going to happen.

If your vision were to play out then in only a generation, most of the US would be Indian and Chinese - basically a suburb of Asia. I'm not xenophobic, but this doesn't sound like the society that I would want to build. If I wanted to live in India or China, I would move there.

"Go to any graduate school and find out how many US Citizens are enrolled in STEM degrees?"

Not just a new dearth of US Citizens, but also children of Green Card holders. Why would they want to enter a field that is being purposefully crushed by powerful corporate interests? When you eventually come up from your bubble, you'll probably come to the same conclusion and steer your kids into a field with a better standard of living.

I've tried to be respectful, but your posts just come across as someone fresh off the boat who is a company tool. Someone who is borderline racist, who thinks that Americans are stupid and that students from India and China "are just good".

You also seem to think that students from India and China are naturally entitled to an education in the US. It's exactly this sort of attitude that has many smart, educated, and experienced engineers in the US crying fowl and wanting a serious reduction in Visas. That you are a hiring manager at Qualcomm who holds these views speaks volumes about where the company has gone...

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FedUpAmerican March 14, 2011 @ 6:37 a.m.

"If that's the case, why should we subsidize our schools from our taxes in order to educate so many people from China and India? That's never going to happen."

sd_engineer, unfortunately that *has been" happening already for decades in the U.S. I remember being told by a Chinese foreign student, many years ago, that the Chinese government would not allow its students to study abroad in the U.S. or elsewhere unless all their expenses were guaranteed by the universities from which they sought graduate degrees. And who ultimately ended up subsidizing all their educational and living expenses? You guessed it, American taxpayers!

"I'm not xenophobic, but this doesn't sound like the society that I would want to build. If I wanted to live in India or China, I would move there."

Neither do I, especially when my job opportunites are taken away by H-1B visa workers. And I'm an Asian-American myself!

"Someone who is borderline racist, who thinks that Americans are stupid and that students from India and China "are just good"."

If Indian or Chinese engineers are so much better than American engineers, then why haven't we hear of great innovations by them more often? Why don't they go back to or stay in their own countries to innovate and compete against the American engineers from there? With so many "superior" engineering graduates in those two countries, you'd think that they would be out-innovating the U.S. by now.

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QcomGeek March 14, 2011 @ 7:07 a.m.

FedUpAmerican and sd_engineer,

Here are few Facts about US Universities!!

Not all graduates are funded by US Universities and that means those non-funded International Students pay hefty fees. Good source of revenues for University. Education is business for all this university remember that!!!

Those who gets some kind of funding they work their butts for professors and university research which brings money to university from different US government funded research programs. Why american students doesn't compete for those research positions ???

As far as this International students going back.. that is already happening. Reverse Brain Drain ( accepted not all of them are going back) . They are establishing companies or working for R&D centers of same multinational companies in in their own countries.

And I think it is in US interest that those students come here and study and contribute. Weather you like it or not but they are big part of US innovation machine. To get rid of H1B issues why don't we ask government to give those STEM graduates Green cards and make it level playing fields!!!

As far as Qualcomm making deal for H1B hires for deploying their technologies in developing countries like China/India..Let's assume that's the case. Let'a also assume all 12000 employees of Qualcomm in USA are H1B holder ( Remember this is wrong wrong assumption as only less than 5% are H1Bs). Would it make sense for any foreign government to allow Qualcomm to earn billion in return of 12000 H1Bs.. Rather ask Qualcomm to open R&D center in their own country and get people employed there!!!

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FedUpAmerican March 14, 2011 @ 8:42 a.m.

".. Rather ask Qualcomm to open R&D center in their own country and get people employed there!!!"

Isn't the Chinese government, for one, now requiring all foreign high-tech firms to share their intellectual properties with their Chinese partners or co-workers, in order to do business in China? That's already like "asking" an American company, such as Qualcomm, to open R7D center in China, isn't it?

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 2:10 p.m.

Very true. American corporations giving away their intellectual capital in exchange for a "promise" of access to a market that will likely never bear fruit, is another short-term Wall Street stupidity that is killing this country.

Incidentally, as I posted to QcomGeek below, Qualcomm has sites in Beijing, Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad and Bangalore. We know that foreigners comprise 60% of the workforce at Qualcomm San Diego, I wonder how many Americans are employed at these other facilities?

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sd_engineer March 16, 2011 @ 9:48 a.m.

QcomGeek, I'm leaving on a business trip for the next two days so I won't be able to respond to this or your other post to me for a few days.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 12:11 p.m.

QcomGeek, the issue of foreigners going to American Universities is a long one that would take another thread to fully cover. So I'll just list some of the key facts.

Universities (and non-profits) have no limit on the amount of H1B Visas that they can bring in. The cap that applies to private companies like Qualcomm, does not apply to them. So Universities (collectively) have, surprise, become the biggest exploiter of cheap foreign labor according to H1B statistics.

Professors and researchers have known this for years and when they receive grant money, they make sure that most of it goes to themselves and as little as possible goes to their hired help. They even recruit from overseas directly, similar to how Qualcomm uses Mindlance in India. It happens so often now that it's become almost standard hiring practice for grant money.

Foreigners do pay high tuition, but if you look at the total dollars invested in public schools such as the UC System, the vast majority comes from tax payers. Foreigners pay more to public schools and would like to think that they are subsidizing the system, but the true subsidizer is the Tax payers.

As outsourcing and insourcing have hammered every income class in America (except for the very wealthy who are profiting), our tax base is also in decline which means infrastructure, especially schools, are hurt the most. So schools become cash strapped and start to target foreign students, even though American tax payers are still footing the vast majority of the bill. Not a good situation.

Incidentally, I just read an article today about Delhousie (Canadian University) specifically recruiting only Saudi students for medical school. They needed the money quickly and felt it would take too long to recruit other foreigners such as Americans, so they advertised only to the Saudi market and (surprise) filled these enrollment slots with only Saudis. The presence of only Saudi students obviously doesn't mean that they are better or worse than other students, it's basically about the money and it's an example of what is happening in US schools.

But getting back to the H1B situation, Professors and Universities can be just as stingy as anyone else and exploit the system by hiring H1Bs. But because it's essentially a zero-sum game, this just means more people eventually chasing fewer jobs, so it contributes to the problem and it’s just one of many reasons why the total number of H1B Visas should be drastically reduced or eliminated.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 12:35 p.m.

As to why American's don't "compete" for the research grant money, there are many causes. First, it's because in some cases Americans aren't even aware of the opening or given an opportunity to apply (kind of like the Mindlance Qualcomm job posting in India).

The biggest reason though is that the pay is cheap. People can make more money by leaving school to go to work for a company with only a BS degree, rather than going on to get an advanced degree (and presumably working on a meager research grant).

The return on investment in getting a MS or PhD, has traditionally been viewed as insufficient to keep people from jumping to a company after receiving their BS. The fact that there are so many people looking for less jobs nowadays is driving people to have to obtain an advanced degree though. This just means that people avoid the STEM field altogether, because they see that the total return on investment is low and declining.

By the way, in your posts there does seem to be an anti-American theme that implies that the absence of Americans in STEM fields, university programs and working on research grants is due to some inherent inability of Americans to succeed in these fields. You have to look at the full picture and root cause that is causing strong disincentives to Americans to work in these fields. As I mentioned earlier, Americans packed these fields in the past but are now avoiding them for the reasons that I've stated. In fact the company that you are working for employed mostly Americans when the majority of the true innovation of CDMA was done in the early years of the company.

Incidentally, my child is enrolled in honor courses that are dominated by the children of Qualcomm enginers (almost all of whom are foreigners). He is gettting straight A's and holding his own just fine, but I'm steering him away from the engineering profession for the reasons that we've been discussing. I have another relative who is a PhD in EE and is a director at a major semiconductor company, his kids are spread out in age and he steered all of his younger kids into an engineering career, but his youngest he is steering away for the same reasons. I also have a niece who graduated from Harvard who is in med-school now and a nephew with a law degree from Stanford. These are all examples where individuals have the ability and education to do well in engineering but are avoiding the profession.

But getting back to your conjecture that the lack of presence by Americans in STEM is due to some lack in ability. We could use this same faulty logic elsewhere, for example a person could say something just as nonsensical such as, "lack of immigrants on the boards of American companies, just shows that they aren't smart enough to compete for the big money with 80-year old white males".

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 1:33 p.m.

QcomGeek, let me also hit another one of your points here:

"International students going back.. Reverse Brain Drain"

This just provides a good example why the US should reduce it's enrollment of some foreigners and encourage Americans into STEM fields. It makes no sense for American tax payers to subsidize schools, only to educate those who want to return to their home countries and then compete against us. It also makes no sense for companies to hire and train people on H1Bs who would do the same thing.

"And I think it is in US interest that those students come here and study and contribute. Weather you like it or not but they are big part of US innovation machine."

To be sure the best and the brightest foreigners should be encouraged to come here and allowed to stay. But that's been the case all along, even before the massive change to the H1B program that has led to so many people crowding STEM fields.

Even before the influx of so many people on H1Bs over the past 10 years, engineering and science in the US was a multicultural experience of working with the best and the brightest from across the world. That's one of the things in fact that I've liked about it.

Over the past 10 years however, it's actually shifted away from being a multicultural field full of the best and the brightest. Why? Because the emphasis has been on hiring massive numbers of workers who are mostly average, from countries with the lowest cost basis. Not to say that this applies to everyone, but it applies to more people than I would care to say.

Incidentally, the Corporate agenda that is seeking to remove he H1B cap is using exactly the "drive innovation through immigration" argument because it looks good on the surface even though it's clear that it's actually harmful if someone digs deeper into the facts.

The best can help to drive innovation, but just bringing in the masses of people as the H1B system is doing now isn't driving anything but wages down. The mindlance/Qualcomm job ads are perfect examples of that. Those ads attract entry-level engineers, people who may come from disadvantaged backgrounds. These people (American or Foreigner) aren't driving innovation anywhere and there is no reason to favor a foreigner for these positions. Yet what we have seen is that those jobs were specifically targeted only to H1Bs and not Americans.

Going from say 5 engineers for every job to 10 engineers for every job, is actually hurting innovation because it's discouraging the best Americans from entering the field.

The system that would work best is to apply free market principles and allow the salaries to go up to attract the best. Corporate America isn't having any of that however because they want wages down (and down by a lot) and not up. And to be sure, wages will be coming down as Wall Street (and in particular the CEOs of all major tech companies) have specifically made this to be one of their key drives.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 2:05 p.m.

QcomGeek, let me now address your last point:

"As far as Qualcomm making deal for H1B hires for deploying their technologies in developing countries like China/India.."... "Let's assume that's the case. Let'a also assume all 12000 employees of Qualcomm in USA are H1B holder ( Remember this is wrong wrong assumption as only less than 5% are H1Bs). Would it make sense for any foreign government to allow Qualcomm to earn billion in return of 12000 H1Bs.. Rather ask Qualcomm to open R&D center in their own country and get people employed there!!!"

Qualcomm has outsourced sites in Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Beijing. So presumably they are doing what you described, but they still feel the need to fill engineering jobs in San Diego from mostly foreigners, many if not most came to work for the company through an H1B.

To Qualcomm and any other large company that is only concerned with short-term profits, it doesn't really matter to them who they employ so long as they get the sales that they want. To America and the other 98% of Americans that are coming in on the short-end of these deals it obviously makes a very big difference to whom those jobs go.

Incidentally, where did you come up with the number that only 5% of the workforce is on a H1B? The fact that H1B statistics show that Qualcomm received 6224 H1B Visas in San Diego for a workforce of 12,500, along with Jacob's comments that his workforce is 60% foreign would suggest that your numbers are completely wrong. Qualcomm won't release the exact number which is another indication that the number is large.

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QcomGeek March 20, 2011 @ 12:39 p.m.

Sd_Engineer,

I never said I disagree your count of 6200 something H1B over last 10 years but My point was at point of time there has been not more than 5% H1B in Qualcomm.

As you easily ignored the fact that any employer with more than 10% H1B employees is considered " H1 Dependent Employer" and Qualcomm is not one of them that proves the point!!!

As i posted before gradually those who received H1B received green card via working from Qualcomm so they are not H1B anymore.

Also, your post seems to suggest that all H1B hired are earning money on innovation done 10-15 years ago in Qualcomm and they are doing no work or some dirty work at cheap rate. Please go and check the patents filed by Qualcomm Engineers and those are proof that they are working some innovative work.

Also, Qualcomm is able to enter new areas in market and get lead into it in last 10 years speak of it workforce. It is anything but your stereotype H1B which are not competent.

Also, the Mindlance posting you keep referring to is by some 3rd party consultant trying to dupe local people rather than direct Qualcomm posting. Now it may be true Qualcomm uses 3rd party contractor but those contacting companies are paid highly and it is not Qualcomm's problem what they are paid by contacting company. And if those contracting company got H1B sponsored with those low salary's than there is something totally wrong in system.

And forgetting about Qualcomm, you are totally unwilling to consider suggestions like abolishing H1B and giving green cards to foreign students who are intelligent and become pillar of innovations in USA.

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sd_engineer March 22, 2011 @ 3:54 p.m.

"My point was at point of time there has been not more than 5% H1B in Qualcomm."

This is the 2nd time that you've posted this, and I ask you for the 2nd time to prove it!

Did you even read the article that Don wrote? If so then you will have read comments from someone from Qualcomm who described working on a team with mostly people on H-1Bs. To claim that there were never more than 5% people working on a H-1B, despite everything pointing to the opposite conclusion just shows an attempt on your part to cloud the facts with unsubstantiated numbers.

According to Jacobs, 60% of the workforce in 2008 was foreign. This despite the fact that most of the non-engineering workforce isn't foreign (HR, Finance, Sales, Marketing, etc.). If the overall workforce is 60% then the engineering workforce must be much higher because we know from the H-1B stats that 99% of the H-1B Visas went towards the IT/Engineering fields.

Presumably many of these engineers became perms from the pool of 6200 H-1B Visas that the company received. This doesn't even take into account the 3rd party H-1B Visa's being used by contractors at the company. Obviously the company is a huge consumer of H-1B Visas! To claim otherwise is complete nonsense!

"As you easily ignored the fact that any employer with more than 10% H1B employees is considered " H1 Dependent Employer" and Qualcomm is not one of them that proves the point!!!"

How do you know that Qualcomm is not an H1B dependent employer? I don't believe that they have to publicly disclose this information and even if they do there are many loop-holes in the legislation. Here is a prime example quoted directly from the section of the DOL Employment Guide that discusses H1B Dependent Employers:

"H1B dependent employers who wish to hire only H1B workers who are paid at least $60,000 per year or have a master's degree or higher in a specialty related to the employment can be exempted from these additional rules"

Obviously this loophole was meant to exclude big tech companies such as Qualcomm who often hire people at salaries over $60K or who have a masters degree.

I've never said that people on H-1Bs don't contribute or don't file patents. Obviously if they are working as an engineer for a company they are doing engineering work which for a company focused on IP such as Qualcomm means writing patents. This will happen no matter who is working for the company. My point is that companies such as Qualcomm are deliberately flooding the workplace with workers on H-1Bs at the same time that they outsource.

You have a clear anti-American bias in your writing that implies that Americans are not suitable to this sort of work, which is why I cited instances of Americans who contributed to the IP of Qualcomm. You've twisted this to claim that somehow I'm biased against people with a H-1B, and that I've said that they don't innovate or file patents. Both claims are completely false!

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sd_engineer March 22, 2011 @ 4:04 p.m.

"Also, the Mindlance posting you keep referring to is by some 3rd party consultant trying to dupe local people rather than direct Qualcomm posting."

This is complete and utter nonsense. A simple Google search shows that Qualcomm has been using Mindlance for years and in fact currently uses the company. If you are one of Qualcomm's "Best and Brightest" you should be able to do a Google search.

"Now it may be true Qualcomm uses 3rd party contractor but those contacting companies are paid highly".

Wrong again, the currently running test engineer position that I linked to is according to Mindlance's own website a $30K/yr job. Rock bottom slave-wages for engineering in San Diego. It's a temp job, but still it shows that they are targeting H-1Bs for slave wages.

"and it is not Qualcomm's problem what they are paid by contacting company. And if those contracting company got H1B sponsored with those low salary's than there is something totally wrong in system."

Now you've finally said something that makes sense. Yes there is something wrong with the system! It's called flooding the market to reduce the price of skilled labor.

When Americans are pushed into becoming a minority in the workforce through discriminatory hiring practices that favor cheap labor. Yes, then there is something clearly wrong with the system!

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sd_engineer March 23, 2011 @ 6:10 p.m.

"And forgetting about Qualcomm, you are totally unwilling to consider suggestions like abolishing H1B and giving green cards to foreign students who are intelligent and become pillar of innovations in USA. "

Actually I would be in favor of this if it did mean abolishing the H1B program.

There are serious issues with stapling Green Cards to Diploma's though. Here is just one example. American Public Universities such as the UC System were built at great expense mostly through taxes paid by Middle Class Americans. The intent of these educational systems wasn't to educate foreigner's but to allow American's who aren't rich and who can't afford more expensive private colleges to better themselves with a top education.

The US has a long history of being an egalitarian society with a large and strong middle class and having access to inexpensive but good education is a big part of that process. In other countries that are more class based, education is only affordable by the elites.

Allowing unrestricted access to American Universities by the children of primarily wealthy people from other countries, even while it's primarily being subsidized by Middle Class Americans is an obvious injustice and affront to the system.

Sure these foreigner's can contribute to American society, but they can also take their new found knowledge back home and use it to compete against Americans.

If they stay here and add to a growing labor pool that are chasing smaller numbers of jobs, then is a problem as well. But if the H-1B program and the majority of all of those 276,000+ skilled workers per year coming into the country were eliminated then the effect on the labor pool from these graduating students wouldn't be nearly so harmful, which is why I would probably agree with this even given the issues.

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sd_engineer March 31, 2011 @ 10:27 a.m.

"My point was at point of time there has been not more than 5% H1B in Qualcomm."

Once again QcomGeek, you are being shown to be sadly misinformed.

In 2008, Qualcomm's Sr. director of Global Staffing gave a presentation at UCLA called "The future of H-1B Hiring". In it he said that an astounding 70% of Qualcomm's foreign workforce are H-1Bs and of those, 70% are Indian.

Here is a link to the seminar where this was presented: (. http://migration.ucdavis.edu/wcpsew/more.php?id=4_0_7 .)

Here is the presentation given by Mr. Foster. (. http://migration.ucdavis.edu/wcpsew/files/qualcomm-ucla-jan-30.pdf .)

If you do the math - Paul Jacobs said in 2008 that 60% of his workforce was comprised of foreigners and according to Mr. Foster, 70% of those are on H-1Bs. So that gives us a figure of 42% of the entire workforce working via a H-1B. If we take a rough guestimate of 12,000 as the total Qualcomm workforce in 2008, that works out to an astounding 5,000 total people working for the company on a H-1B.

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Ponzi March 24, 2011 @ 8:44 a.m.

Confirm your "only less than %5" statement on QCOM H1-B employment.

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Ponzi March 24, 2011 @ 8:42 a.m.

As I wrote before, where are their Nobel Prize winners?

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QcomGeek March 14, 2011 @ 7:14 a.m.

Sd_engineer ...

You tell me borderline racist but you haven't given me reason !! i never said that all foreign engineers/students are better than US engineers/students!!!

As far as I remember in my Previous post I already mentioned that I am all for H1B number reduction but don't blame those foreign students for hardships!!! I believe they are big part of American Innovation machine. American government should just give them Green cards with that STEM degrees with merit. That would make field level playing!!!

You talk about protectionism but you have to remember other countries would reciprocate with protectionism and US companies from whom you are looking for job won't have business in those countries!!! Weather we like it or not , all Multinational companies majority of earning is coming from overseas rather than USA!!!

Only way out is not discourage people to come to this country but improve our immigration system which would make it level playing field and than things would play out in right manner.

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FedUpAmerican March 14, 2011 @ 8:34 a.m.

"You talk about protectionism but you have to remember other countries would reciprocate with protectionism and US companies from whom you are looking for job won't have business in those countries!!! Weather we like it or not , all Multinational companies majority of earning is coming from overseas rather than USA!!!"

I suppose you would label protecting American jobs for Americans of all races against the foreigners as protectionism, also, not surprisingly. So, basically, China or India has now evolved to the stage where it not only blackmails Americans to buy products made by the Chinese or Indians, but, also blackmails Americans to hire them, as well. And you know why the majority of earnings by multinational companies come from overseas rather than USA? It's because less and less Americans can afford to buy their products due to depreessed wage or unemployment, as a result of the decades of exodus of American jobs and influx of H-1B visa workers, such as you, by the unpatriotic, greedy, American capitalists! And if push comes to shove, I bet Americans would still fare a lot better than others under protectionism, despite the doomsday bs by the corporate managements and their sold-out politicians, because America is quite capable of being self-sufficient.

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FedUpAmerican March 14, 2011 @ 8:57 a.m.

Anyway, a country like China is in absolutely NO position to criticize the U.S. from even entertaining some protectionist measures, when China is already practicing BLATANT protectionism by resorting to its articial currency devaluation, extremely high tariffs on imports, and restrictive import quotas - all to protect its own domestic companies and reduce the flow of money out of the country.

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 1:48 p.m.

Worse yet China is forcing corporations to hand over technology in exchange for access to the Chinese market. In many cases this technology was derived at great cost and effort. There is a growing sense by many CEOs however that the powers that be in China have no intention of ever allowing these corporations to be successful in these markets. In fact the CEO of Caterpillar was quoted as saying exactly that recently.

The Chinese government has also started a process of classifying and tracking "Indigenous Chinese" corporations and this has heightened these same concerns.

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SurfPuppy619 March 14, 2011 @ 1:54 p.m.

China is already practicing BLATANT protectionism by resorting to its articial currency devaluation, extremely high tariffs on imports

China has tariffs on US imports that are 10 TIMES HIGHER than the USA-and why our leaders allow us to take it in the shorts like that proves they are out for the fast $ lining theor own pokcets, and why we have basically tunred into a BANANA REPUBLIC.

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 1:41 p.m.

"You tell me borderline racist but you haven't given me reason !!"

The way that I read your post was that Asians were "just good" when it comes to engineering and because of this are naturally inclined to flood American Universities in STEM fields. The fact that you point to a dearth of American enrollment in STEM programs as proof of this, without mentioning the root cause, would appear to reinforce this. As I mentioned the root cause for the current absence of Americans in STEM programs at Universities is because the smart Americans are avoiding these fields for the reasons that I've stated.

If you look at prior decades before the outsourcing and insourcing trends, you will see that Americans flocked to STEM fields. In fact history shows pretty clearly that Americans did just fine with technology innovation back in those decades.

So ask yourself this - what changed? What changed is that American corporations realized that they could pump short term profits by moving jobs overseas while simultaneously flooding the job market with a crush of humanity. That you have personally benefited from this doesn't change the fact that these policies have been disastrous for this country because they have transferred technology overseas and given away the "keys to the kingdom". This also has crippled America's flow of Engineers into this profession so that in the future, whether we like it or not, we may have to rely on imported labor to fill these roles. This is a great example of a system that is broken that needs to be fixed.

Incidentally, most economists seem to be so far removed from STEM professions that they make all sorts of ridiculous claims. But Harvard economist Robert Hayes is one who actually "gets it" and he wrote a brilliant piece that is chillingly accurate: http://blogs.hbr.org/hbr/restoring-american-competitiveness/2009/10/outsourcing-is-high-techs-subprime.html

The White House has posted numbers that show that since WW2, 50% of job growth in the US has come from technology. This is a field that the US has reaped huge benefits from and all of that has been jeopardized by Wall Street greed. Most countries have strong labor interests that balance these sorts of abuses, but lack of labor interests and apathy is what has harmed the US.

"As far as I remember in my Previous post I already mentioned that I am all for H1B number reduction but don't blame those foreign students for hardships!!!"

I don't recall that you posted any such thing. If you did then I commend you for recognizing that there is a problem that needs to be fixed and becoming a part of the solution rather than a part of the problem. Also, if you've read my posts you'll see that I've never blamed foreign students or foreigners for anything. It's Corporate greed that is causing the problem and this has had disastrous consequences for this country.

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:10 a.m.

Protectionism begets competitive protectionism -- no question about that. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 7:58 a.m.

You say you are not xenophobic, but you sound it. In saying that, I don't mean to denigrate the gist of your argument. Best, Don Bauder

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Don Bauder March 13, 2011 @ 6:40 p.m.

That's a thought. I don't know the answer. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 13, 2011 @ 11:42 p.m.

Ding Ding! We have a winner.

International trade largely comes down to politics. Most countries (except the US - but that is another topic) have VAT taxes, legal and/or cultural barriers that prevent the flow of goods that they don't want into their country.

The one thing that helps to grease the political wheels is to employ people (or hire H1Bs) in the country that you're hoping to sell to. There are many examples of this, for example the Japanese auto makers started to do this when threatened with US sanctions.

Back 10 years ago, Qualcomm was very keen on installing wireless local loop and infrastructure equipment in India and it was viewed as one of their biggest growth markets. It wouldn't surprise me if there were also some "behind closed door" agreements that were made.

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Don Bauder March 14, 2011 @ 6:38 a.m.

If there were backdoor meetings, we may never know. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 7:53 p.m.

What we need is a video of the heads of large tech corporations getting together to discuss their H-1B strategy.

Something along the lines of the now classic Cohen & Grigsby video. If people haven't seen this then they might be in for a shock on how the system is being worked in order to avoid hiring Americans:

http://www.youtube.com/programmersguild

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 12:03 p.m.

This is one of the bests posts in this discussion. I knew of this but did not bring it up. Too many other points about this topic.

I recall reading a story or even a government report about this regarding Microsoft. How to sell their software into India and other countries was to hire their people and bring them here. A technology exchange and political grease program.

This is one of the fundamentals behind the H-1B program and why it is now possible for IBM and their ilk to be welcomed into India to build giant campuses.

IBM, Microsoft and others are hiring. In India.

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Don Bauder March 17, 2011 @ 8:16 a.m.

And Wall Street loves any company that reduces expenses by whatever means. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 4:50 p.m.

I should have also added that 10 years ago is when the H1B wave at Qualcomm appeared to start which "coincidentally" seemed to coincide with the WLL and infrastructure gambits. It's grown into a tidal wave now just as, also "coincidentally", Qualcomm's investment in India has grown into a $1B bet.

http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2010/06/13/qualcomms-1-billion-india-bet/

If this is indeed cause and effect, it's really disingenuous to make the claims as Qualcomm has in Don's article that:

"Qualcomm utilizes the H-1B program as necessary to recruit and retain the best talent in the world. We support bipartisan, sensible reform of the employment-based immigration system so that U.S. employers continue to have access to the talent they need to innovate, create American jobs and grow the U.S. economy.”

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QcomGeek March 15, 2011 @ 8:42 p.m.

Sd_engineer

If this is indeed cause and effect, it's really disingenuous to make the claims as Qualcomm has in Don's article that:

"Qualcomm utilizes the H-1B program as necessary to recruit and retain the best talent in the world ....

You are connecting dots which doesn't connect. Qualcomm has interest in Indian market and they wanted to get spectrum in that auction just for reason of keeping wimax ( and so intel) at bay in Indian market for 4G technology. As you know just due to huge population and possibility of huge market with even small % of that becoming 4G consumer it was important for Qualcomm that technology with their backing gets deployed.

If you look at auction not only Qualcomm but all other companies (by the way those are Indian companies) paid high price for spectrum. Qualcomm just made sure anyone wanted to have PAN Indian presence has to rely on them by getting 4 big markets. I don't see connection with H1B there. And there were enough company in that race there even without Qualcomm spectrum would have been sold!!

Also, in one of your previous post you said that Qualcomm sponsored 6200 H1B in last 10 years and total Qualcomm US full time employees are close to 13000. But you don't consider that in industry there is always high turnover rate people switch jobs and you don't retain all employees. Another factor to consider is , out of those 6200( Majority of them) many who stayed @ Qualcomm got their green card via Qualcomm .

If theory of Qualcomm paying H1B less compare to others would have been true, those employees would have ran away to other places on their Green card arrivals. But that's not the case. They remained Qualcomm employee till date and most of them must be happy.

Another common factor I found in this discussions is assumption that Citizens don't get hired in Qualcomm because ethnicity of hiring manager for some reason comes into play and favors foreigners compare to citizens and green card holder.

Let me tell you Qualcomm has division called Qualcomm government solution which works with US government as name suggests and they just hire Citizens and green card holder. Right now they have few major projects in dire needs of people and they can't find any suitable candidates!!! how you explain that... and i can assure you there are no managers of Asian ethnicity!!! Where are those experience engineers crying for jobs @ Qualcomm!!!

And to everyone here , my group just hired 3 new people out of that 2 are american citizen (1 fresh graduate and 1 experience candidate). Another person is fresh graduate with masters from top California grade school but would require H1B visa. I know people are going to Question me why we hired one fresh graduate who require H1B but that person had internship experience working at two top technology company in USA during his masters degree and few patents. Only point here is We do hire people on merit rather than anything else.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 3:31 p.m.

"Qualcomm has interest in Indian market".

When the "jobs for market share" idea was first brought up, you said, "That's weird way of thinking!!!". Now you're using it as fact to try and bolster your argument that the H1B Visa is a good thing. Rather than grab at straws, I would recommend that you read up on (outsourcing, insourcing and the H1B dynamic). Please educate yourself about these issues rather than putting the burden on us to do it for you.

It's a fact that Insourcing is a process that hurts STEM fields. It's better than outsourcing because at least some tax revenue is generated in the US, but its still a harmful process to 98% of Americans. "Insourcing for market share", in this particular case has not yet been proven to be beneficial even to Qualcomm's bottom line. It's too early to tell. It could just be the case that it's another example of an American company giving away something for a false promise.

"there is always high turnover rate people switch jobs and you don't retain all employees."

You're only pointing out one of the key reasons why companies want to hire using the H1B Visa. Back in the days when Americans flocked to STEM fields, turnover was very high and companies had to pay high compensation in order to retain the best (incidentally, this is happening in India now). With the 6+ year indentured servitude dynamic, workers can now be handcuffed through no cost to the company. Of course companies use this to their benefit.

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sd_engineer March 19, 2011 @ 3:39 p.m.

"If theory of Qualcomm paying H1B less compare to others would have been true, those employees would have ran away to other places on their Green card arrivals"

It's not a theory, it's a fact shown in publicly available records that Qualcomm pays its average H1B workers less than it pays its average worker. Qualcomm isn't stupid though, if they have invested years in training an H1B they will want to keep them which means paying them commensurate wages as they get close to Green Card status (for the workers that they want to retain).

I do know many Green Card holders who left though, so it does happen. Most people who have worked for a large company for 6 years no longer want to take the risk of changing jobs, especially I imagine an immigrant who only knows that one company, some will have been promoted too, so this probably works in QCOMs favor as well. Bottom line, there are many reasons for people to stay working for the company. But we'll never the exact numbers so it's pointless to debate.

"Qualcomm government solution"..."in dire needs of people and they can't find any suitable candidates!!!"

This is because of the same reason that we've already discussed. Americans are avoiding STEM fields because of outsourcing and insourcing (H1B Visa). This exactly shows why it's become a problem for America because we can no longer fill many roles requiring American Citizens and this has created a well known problem for National Security. Hiring Americans into STEM fields was never a problem during the 1980s when the US had enormous numbers of engineers working on Defense projects. In fact during that time, San Diego employment was heavily centered around defense companies and they didn't have an engineering shortage.

"and i can assure you there are no managers of Asian ethnicity!!"

Even though I don't work at Qualcomm, it sounds as though I know the company much better than you as I know several managers in Qgov that are of Asian ethnicity!

"And to everyone here , my group just hired 3 new people".

3 people does not a trend make. The fact that one is a fresh grad with an H1B just reinforces it though, internship or not. Internships are a ridiculous predictor of future potential and often just go to show how well connected someone is to a particular company.

"Only point here is We do hire people on merit rather than anything else."

Like the H1B job ad that required someone with 1 year of feature testing? No doubt that this position was so merit based that it was specifically targeted only for an H-1B.

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QcomGeek March 20, 2011 @ 12:46 p.m.

Sd_engineer,

Once again you are just reading one sentence without whole view.

You look at fresh graduate but than you don't look at that person already has few patents on his name which number may be more than any another person on this forum!!!

Why would I let go that kind of talent!!! I guess you just want understand!!! I am signing off from this thread!!! Keep your fight alive!!!

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sd_engineer March 21, 2011 @ 12:52 p.m.

"Once again you are just reading one sentence without whole view."

I read the whole sentence, the problem is that your posts tend to have many unconnected thoughts scattered in too many areas to try and address with the 3000 word limit in this comments section. I would like to respond to every one of your points, but I have to pick the ones that are most relevant to this discussion. Even still I've written many exhaustive replies to you which would test the patience of most people.

"You look at fresh graduate but than you don't look at that person already has few patents on his name which number may be more than any another person on this forum!!!"

Having patents is certainly a better predictor than internships at companies, but it doesn't change my main point that a single person does not a trend make.

"I am signing off from this thread!!! Keep your fight alive!!!"

This is the inevitable response of someone who either A) Is coming out on the short end of an argument or B) Someone who can't express their points properly in a public forum. Me thinks that both probably apply in this situation.

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jonesc March 14, 2011 @ 10:47 a.m.

QcomGeek and pellis, you will rue the day when your skills, used for the niche Qualcomm has pigeonholed you into, are no longer needed or can be acquired for pennies on the dollar by subcontracting to someone equally as brilliant willing to trade for less. When that day comes you will realize that someone in the finance department, with a degree in business, trumps engineering, and that engineers, from a corporate perspective, are regarded as nothing more than a commodity.

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Don Bauder March 14, 2011 @ 7:17 p.m.

Since the 1980s, when American companies began fixating only on running up their stocks, often based on phony earnings, financial executives have risen higher and higher on the corporate totem poles. Best, Don Baudre

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Twister March 14, 2011 @ 2:54 p.m.

When talented, jobless engineers and other "skill-sets" start up employee-owned companies and compete with the hulking, inefficient, predatory bureaucracies that are today's Korporate Kingdoms, and stick with that plan rather than become one of them, the market may have a chance of actually working. But when the Kings buy government vassals at will and live upon direct and indirect subsidies handed out to them, the "market" itself amounts to a colossal fraud. One way of changing this is to network consumers to dry up the "markets" upon which the Kultural Kingdoms depend. This will happen anyway, when the korpus of kustomers have no more money to spend. Then they will be ground up green, and goons will pull the levers in a last gasp of desperate über-conformity.

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Don Bauder March 14, 2011 @ 7:22 p.m.

When an engineer with a PhD makes $150,000 and a CEO with an MBA rakes in $15 million, the problem with today's so-called free markets become obvious. U.S. companies practice financial engineering, not product engineering. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 14, 2011 @ 7:42 p.m.

Not only that but the boards of most companies contain mostly banker types. This drives them to make decisions that seem to be correct financially but contain technical risks that most people in engineering management would point out in a second.

A perfect example of this was the decision by the bean counters at Boeing to drive outsourcing of their 787 Dreamliner. Rather than realizing that the reason that Boeing exists is because of their own expertise in the design and manufacture of Jets.

In a surprisingly transparent interview the head of their airplane group said that:

"We spent a lot more money in trying to recover than we ever would have spent if we'd tried to keep the key technologies closer to home," Albaugh told his large audience of students and faculty.

Boeing was forced to compensate, support or buy out the partners it brought in to share the cost of the new jet's development, and now bears the brunt of additional costs due to the delays.

Some Wall Street analysts estimate those added costs at between $12 billion and $18 billion, on top of the $5 billion Boeing originally planned to invest.

http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/sundaybuzz/2014125414_sundaybuzz06.html#cb=f3924059a7e781c&origin=http%3A%2F%2Fseattletimes.nwsource.com%2Ff2b0ee958463a22&relation=parent.parent&transport=flash&type=resize&height=0

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Don Bauder March 14, 2011 @ 8:47 p.m.

Yes, bankers and investment bankers still sit on numerous boards, despite the collapse of the banking industry. Best, Don Bauder

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sd_engineer March 15, 2011 @ 10:30 a.m.

"When an engineer with a PhD makes $150,000 and a CEO with an MBA rakes in $15 million, the problem with today's so-called free markets become obvious. U.S. companies practice financial engineering, not product engineering."

As if this wasn't bad enough, the situation has further evolved to the point that these same CEO's with an MBA look at the engineers making 1/100th the salary with disdain and call them "privileged elites" (direct quote from Greenspan). They consider us to be too expensive and that they need to drive the price of skilled wages even lower through immigration. Many times Greenspan has said exactly that and Geithner is saying it now.

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Don Bauder March 15, 2011 @ 1:31 p.m.

Yet who are responsible for our technological advances? Engineers, not MBAs. Best, Don Bauder

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Ponzi March 15, 2011 @ 10:20 a.m.

Don, thank you for writing this story.

H-1B is a corrupt program. It is no being used as intended. It should be abolished along with all the alphabet-soup corruption plagued visas; H4, J1, J2, L1 & L2

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Don Bauder March 15, 2011 @ 1:32 p.m.

But will it be abolished, with Wall Street and corporations controlling Congress? Best, Don Bauder

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SurfPuppy619 March 15, 2011 @ 11:07 p.m.

But will it be abolished, with Wall Street and corporations controlling Congress?

If the H-1B visa scam is not dealt with-along with the rest of the idiotic labor policy we have in this nation-we are going to go bankrupt, which is the path we have been on the last 25 years.

We are at the end of the rope, and just as San Diego and this state are upside down from numerous bad economic decisions and policy, so is the nation.

I give the USA 10, 15 years max if we stay on our current path before the system implodes and chaos and anarchy take over. I give our state 3-4 more years max.

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